Skip to main content

Christian Sociomoral Values Index


Scale name: Christian Sociomoral Values Index

Scale overview: This 13-item rating scale aims to measure the importance of select moral values commonly held among conservative Christians.


Response Type: Items are rated on a scale of agreement as follows:

1 = strongly disagree

2 = disagree

3 =  Neither Agree nor Disagree

4 = Agree

5 = Strongly agree

Scale items = 13

1. All forms of birth control are sinful.

2. Birth control methods are acceptable if they do not cause an abortion.

3. Abortion is always sinful.

4. Premarital sex is always sinful.

5. Cohabitation is always sinful.

6. A biblical marriage is between one man and one woman.

7. Same-sex marriage is sinful.

8. Divorce is sinful.

9. Sexual orientation is a choice.

10. In a Christian marriage, a man and a woman submit to each other, but the man is always the head of the marriage.

11. Women have a vital role in Christian ministry, but they should not be priests or pastors.

12. Women have an important role in churches and Christian organizations, but they should not have authority over a man.

13. Women should seek counseling from women and men should seek counseling from men.


Psychometric data:  The scale mean was 40.32 (SD = 8.85), Skew = -.69, Kurtosis = .30 (Sutton et al., 2016).

Reliability: In a sample of 220 Christian counselors, Cronbach’sAlpha = .85 (Sutton et al., 2016).

Validity: Data from table 2 (Sutton et al., 2016) show significant positive correlations with the following related measures of conservative Christian spirituality. (Read about test validity)

Christian Beliefs Index (CBI)

Intratextual Fundamentalism Scale

Christian Service Scale

Personal Christian Practices Index

Healing Experiences Scale

Basic Spiritual Practices Index

Evidence Supported Christian Accommodative Treatments Index

Extra-Session Christian Assignments Index

Spiritual Assessment Index


The items and detailed responses are included in Sutton (2021). The statistical data reported above can be found in Sutton et al. 2016.

The items are listed above and available for use in research and teaching.


The index may be used in research, teaching, and clinical practice. Users should cite Sutton (2021) and Sutton et al. (2016) in all publications and presentations that use this index. There is no need to contact the authors for non-commercial use.

To include the index in books and commercial publications, request permission from

References for the scale

Sutton, G. W. (2021). Counseling and psychotherapy with Pentecostal and Charismatic Christians: Culture & Research | Assessment & Practice. Springfield, MO: Sunflower.  ISBN-13 : 979-8681036524 AMAZON

Sutton, G. W., Arnzen, C., & Kelly, H. (2016). Christian counseling and psychotherapy: Components of clinician spirituality that predict type of Christian intervention. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 35, 204-214.  ResearchGate



Example of the details available in Counseling and Psychotherapy with Pentecostal and Charismatic Christians.

For item #2:   Birth control methods are acceptable if they do not cause an abortion.

The table values are percentages from a total of 208 responses.

The number of people Christians were:

  Evangelical 82

  Pentecostal/ Charismatic 48

  Nondenominational  43

  Other  35

 The "other" group includes respondents who identified as Catholics or a mainline Protestant Denomination

See the text for details on the other items.

Research source

ad. Reference for using scales in survey research:

Creating Surveys on





ad. Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Applied Statistics Concepts for Counselors on




  Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index



The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.


Links to Connections

Please checkout My Website


See my Books





FOLLOW me on

   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton  


   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton




Read published articles:


  Academia   Geoff W Sutton   


  ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 

 Photo credit: images free to share and use





Popular posts from this blog

Personal Self-Concept Questionnaire (PSQ)

  The Personal Self-Concept Questionnaire  ( PSQ )   Overview The Personal Self-Concept Questionnaire (PSQ) measures self-concept based on ratings of 18 items, which are grouped into four categories: Self-fulfilment, autonomy, honesty, and emotional self-concept. Subscales : The PSQ has four subscales 1. Self-fulfilment (6 items) 2. Autonomy (4 items) 3. Honesty (3 items) 4. Emotional self-concept (5 items)  👉 [ Read more about Self-Concept and Self-Identity] The PSQ is a Likert-type scale with five response options ranging from totally disagree to totally agree. Reliability and Validity In the first study, coefficient alpha = .85 and in study two, alpha = .83. Data analysis supported a four-dimensional model (see the four categories above). Positive correlations with other self-concept measures were statistically significant. Other notes The authors estimated it took about 10 minutes to complete the PSQ. Their first study included people ages 12 to 36 ( n = 506). In the second s

Student Self-Efficacy

  Assessment name:  STUDENT SELF-EFFICACY SCALE * Note. This post has been updated to provide an available measure of student self-efficacy. ———- Scale overview:  The  student self-efficacy scale i s a 10-item measure of self-efficacy. It was developed using data from university nursing students in the United States. Authors: Melodie Rowbotham and Gerdamarie Schmitz Response Type:  A four-choice rating scale as follows: 1 = not at all true 2 = hardly true 3 = moderately true 4 = exactly true   Self-efficacy is the perception that a person can act in a way to achieve a desired goal.  Scale items There are 10 items. Examples: I am confident in my ability to learn, even if I am having a bad day. If I try hard enough, I can obtain the academic goals I desire.   Psychometric properties The authors reported that their sample scores ranged from 25 to 40 with a scale mean of 34.23 ( SD  = 3.80. Internal consistency was high at alpha = .84. The authors reported the results of a principal compon

Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Anxiety Questionnaire (MSEAQ)

  Scale name: Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Anxiety Questionnaire (MSEAQ) Scale overview: The Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Anxiety Questionnaire (MSEAQ) is a 29-item self-report measure of both mathematics self-efficacy and mathematics anxiety. Author: Diana Kathleen May Response Type: Items are rated on a 5-point Likert-type scale following a “no response” option: 1 = Never 2 = Seldom 3 = Sometimes 4 = Often 5 = usually Sample items 1. I feel confident enough to ask questions  in my mathematics class. 6. I worry that I will not be able to get a  good grade in my mathematics course.   Subscales and basic statistics for the MSEAQ       Self-Efficacy M = 44.11, SD = 10.78, alpha = .93       Anxiety M = 46.47, SD = 12.61, alpha = .93       Total Scale M = 90.58, SD = 22.78, alpha = .96 Reliability: See the Cronbach’s alpha levels reported above. Validity: There were significant positive correlations with similar measures. The results of a Fa