Showing posts with label leadership measures. Show all posts
Showing posts with label leadership measures. Show all posts

Thursday, May 20, 2021

Clergy Situational Restoration Inventory (CSRI)


Scale name: Clergy Situational Restoration Inventory (CSRI)

Scale overview

The Clergy Situational Restoration Inventory evaluates participants’ attitudes toward restoration based on participant responses to 10 transgression scenarios in which a pastor violated a common sociomoral expectation (Sutton et al. 2007; Sutton & Thomas 2004). The scale uses descriptive Likert-type ratings that range from one (no restoration to ministry) to seven (full restoration to the position previously held). The transgression scenarios include problems of substance abuse, infidelity, and embezzlement. Because of the range of common yet hypothetical scenarios, the developers expected the CSRI to assess a disposition to restore.


Sutton and Jordan (2013) with previous versions used in Sutton et al. (2007), Sutton & Thomas (2004, 2005).


 10- items, which are short scenarios

Response Type

A 7-point rating scale with anchors 1 = No Restoration and 7 = Full restoration.


Principal components analyses revealed two subscales identified as Level 1 and Level 2 where levels appear to represent perceived offense severity and level 2 items are more severe than level 1.

Level 2 consists of 4 of the 10 items: 3,6,8, and 10. All other items are Level 1.

Sample items

The full scale can be found in Sutton and Jordan (2013) or can be downloaded here- see availability below.

2. Pastor, age 43, admits to having a problem with alcohol during the past six months. Alcohol abuse has accounted for missed appointments and “sick days.” No prior abuse history is evident. Appears willing to participate in treatment. Spouse is supportive.

6. Pastor, age 38, admits to adultery lasting a year. Appears to be sincerely apologetic and willing to enter treatment. Spouse appears quite devastated but may consider reconciliation.


In a sample of 210, coefficient alpha values were .86 for Level 1 and .79 for level 2. The correlation between the two subscales = .64 in a sample of participants who actually knew a clergy offender (n = 169). See Sutton and Jordan (2013).


CSRI Level 1 was significantly positively correlated with the following scales

LRSR (Leadership Restoration Scale-Restore)

LRSF (Leadership Restoration Scale-Forgive and Restore)

TFS (Trait Forgiveness Scale; Berry et al., 2005)

SCBS (Santa Clara Brief Compassion Scale; Hwang et al., 2008))

CSRI Level 1 was significantly negatively correlated with the following scales

TRIM-A (Transgression Related InterpersonalMotivations- Avoidance; McCullough et al., 1998)

IER-EP (Intrinsic-Extrinsic Religiosity Scale Revised-Extrinsic Personal Subscale; Gorsuch & McPherson, 1989)

CSRI Level 2 was significantly positively correlated with the following scales

LRSR (Leadership Restoration Scale-Restore)

IER-ES (Intrinsic-Extrinsic Religiosity Scale Revised-Extrinsic Social Subscale)


CSRI Level 2 was significantly negatively correlated with the following scale



See Appendix A of Sutton and Jordan (2013) or

Click Here to Download Scale


Permissions -- if identified

This scale may be used in research and teaching at no charge. Please cite Sutton & Jordan (2013). For use in books or any commercial use, contact Geoffrey W. Sutton PhD at


Berry, J. W., Worthington, E. R., O'Connor, L. E., Parrott, L., & Wade, N. G. (2005). Forgivingness, vengeful rumination, and affective traits. Journal of Personality, 73, 183–225. doi:10.1111/j.14676494.2004.00308.x.

Gorsuch, R. L., & McPherson, S. E. (1989). Intrinsic/extrinsic measurement: I/E-Revised and singleitem scales. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 28, 348–354. doi:10.2307/1386745.

Hwang, J., Plante, T., & Lackey, K. (2008). The development of the Santa Clara Brief Compassion Scale: an abbreviation of Sprecher and Fehr's compassionate love scale. Pastoral Psychology, 56, 421–428. doi:10.1007/s11089-008-0117-2.

McCullough, M. E., Rachal, K., Sandage, S. J., Worthington, E., Brown, S., & Hight, T. L. (1998). Interpersonal forgiving in close relationships: II. Theoretical elaboration and measurement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 1586–1603. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.75.6.1586.

Sutton, G. W. (2016). A House Divided: Sexuality, morality, and Christian cultures. Eugene, OR: Pickwick. ISBN: 9781498224888 AMAZON

Sutton, G. W. & Jordan, K. (2013). Evaluating attitudes toward clergy restoration: The psychometric properties of two scales. Pastoral Psychology, 62, 859-871. doi 10.1007/s11089-013-0527-7     [Reference for the CSRI in this post]

Sutton, G. W., McLeland, K. C., Weaks, K. Cogswell, P. E., & Miphouvieng, R. N. (2007). Does gender matter? An exploration of gender, spirituality, forgiveness and restoration following pastor transgressions. Pastoral Psychology. 55, 645-663. doi 10.1007/ s11089-007-0072-3

Sutton, G.W., & Thomas, E. K. (2005). Can derailed pastors be restored? Effects of offense and age on restoration. Pastoral Psychology, 53, 583-599.              Academia Link    Research Gate Link

Thomas, E. K., White, K., & Sutton, G.W. (2008). Religious leadership failure: Apology, responsibility-taking, gender, forgiveness, and restoration. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 27, 16-29.      Academia Link    Research Gate Link


Resource for using scales in research:

Creating Surveys on AMAZON or GOOGLE


 Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Applied Statistics Concepts for Counselors on AMAZON or GOOGLE



 Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index


Links to Connections

Checkout My Website


See my Books





FOLLOW me on

   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton  


   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton




Read published articles:


  Academia   Geoff W Sutton   


  ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 

 Photo credit- Bing free to share and use

Thursday, January 11, 2018

Transformational Leadership Survey

News photo unrelated to people mentioned in the post

Transformational leadership is a popular style of leadership with evidence that transformational leaders influence work teams. Transformational leaders have been identified as those with a charismatic personality who inspire others with a clear vision for the future. They communicate well and serve as role models as they inspire confidence and increase motivation.

Here's a quote from Edwards et al., 2010

Burns (1978)[18] first conceptualized transformational leaders as those who mobilize their efforts to reform organizations, in part by raising followers’ consciousness beyond personal interests to be more in line with organizational goals and vision. Interactive and highly participatory encounters among all members of a team are key ingredients. Through these interactions, visions emerge, consensus is built, plans are discussed, and potential roadblocks are explored, increasing buy-in and accountability among team members. Leaders influence the process by promoting intellectual stimulation, inspiring motivation, and taking each member’s needs into consideration (Bass, 1985[19]).


You can find a short online measure that includes 12-items at this McGrawHill link. Each item is rated on a 5-point scale. It can be scored after you respond to each item.


A more in-depth survey with a complete list of items is also available online as an Appendix to a
published article by Jennifer Edwards and her colleagues (2010). The study was funded by NIDA. In case the link does not work, Here is the author contact information:

Corresponding Author: Jennifer R. Edwards, M.S., Graduate Research Assistant, Institute of Behavioral Research, Texas Christian University, TCU Box 298740, Fort Worth, TX 76129, Telephone: (817) 257-7226, Fax: (817) 257-7290, ude.uct@sdrawde.r.j[1]

Because of the length of the TLS, I will only include a few sample items.

IN1. shows determination on the job.

Encourages Innovation
EI2. attempts to improve the program by taking a new approach to business as usual.

Inspirational Motivation
IM3. makes staff aware of the need for change in the program.


Edwards, J. R., Knight, D. K., Broome, K. M., & Flynn, P. M. (2010). The Development and Validation of a Transformational Leadership Survey for Substance Use Treatment Programs. Substance Use & Misuse, 45(9), 1279–1302.
  ncbi link

Learn more about Creating Surveys in my book available on AMAZON.

If you work with leaders as a coach or counselor, you may be interested in this book- Applied Statistics, Concepts for Counselors - also on AMAZON.

Find more survey items and links to surveys at the Creating Survey website.

Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

Connections and Links to Resources

My Page

My Books   AMAZON

FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton

TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton

LinkedIN Geoffrey Sutton  PhD

Publications (many free downloads)
  Academia   Geoff W Sutton   (PhD)
  ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton   (PhD)

Interfaith Spirituality Scale

  Assessment name:   Interfaith Spirituality Scale Scale overview: The Interfaith Spirituality Scale is a self-report rating scale that m...