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Showing posts with the label Depression

Depression Anxiety Stress Scales -21 (DASS-21)

  Scale name: Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) Scale overview: The Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21) is a 21-item screening instrument for the three psychological conditions of depression, anxiety, and stress. Note : There is a 42-item version of the DASS. This post focuses on the 21-item version. Authors: Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995) Response Type: Items are rated on a 4-point scale of frequency. 0 = Did not apply to me at all. 1= Applied to me to some degree, or some of the time. 2= Applied to me to a considerable degree, or a good part of time. 3 = Applied to me very much, or most of the time. Scale items Each of the three scales (Depression, Anxiety, Stress) has 7-items worded in the first person e.g., “I felt…” or “I experienced…” and so forth.   Reliability: Internal consistency values based on Cronbach Alpha calculations were strong for the DASS-21 (Antony et al., 1988). Depression = .94 Anxiety = .87 Stress = .9

Depression Treatment Survey Items

  Pentecostal worship from Bing free to use Trice and Bjorck (2006b) conducted a survey of Pentecostals to determine their views on the causes and cures of depression. Their set of 25 treatment (i.e., cure) items is available for researchers. There are 25 “cure” or treatment items in their survey. These items are divided into categories, which are reported below along with alpha values found in their article (Trice & Bjork, 2006b). Spiritual discipline (.60) Faith practices (.63) Rest (.76) Support (.61) Health (.57) Psychology/psychiatry (.72) Neurology (.62) Instructions Prior to completing the survey, participants are given the following definition of depression: "Depression is a disorder of mood (e.g., feelings, emotions) characterized by sadness and dejection, decreased motivation and interest in life, negative thoughts, and such physical symptoms as sleep disturbance, loss of appetite, and fatigue. Moreover, these characteristics last at least 2 wee