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Showing posts from October, 2020

Perspective Taking and Empathic Concern Scales

 Davis developed a two dimensional approach to assess empathy with items measuring perspective taking and empathic concern. Each item is measured on a five-point scale from 0 to 4. The anchor labels are "Does not describe me well" to "Describes me well." Some items are reversed scored. There are 7 perspective taking items and 7 empathic concern items. Related posts       Empathy       Perspective taking Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index Article Reference Davis, M. H. (1983). Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multidimensional approach. Journal of personality and social psychology, 44 (1), 113. Link to the scales: Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index If you are working on a survey or questionnaire, consider  Creating Surveys on AMAZON    or   GOOGLE  Worldwide Links to Connections   Checkout My Website    See my Books      AMAZON             GOO


  It is no secret that the official position of the Catholic church opposes abortion. Many evangelicals groups also promote antiabortion positions. The subject of abortion continues to divide Americans as evident in survey data. This has been highlighted recently with the addition of Justice Barrett to the Supreme Court—a judge known for her prolife advocacy. In the summer, Justice Thomas famously attacked the court’s ruling in Roe v. Wade ( CNN ). In 2020, most Americans, the majority of whom are Christian, support abortion, though sizable percentages prefer laws that pose some limitations. Some important questions are not asked every year so, some data in the 2020 post refer to 2019, 2018, etc. The Gallup organization has looked at variations in opinions about abortion. This is helpful as advances in medical science make it possible for the unborn to live outside the womb at younger and younger ages. So, where do Americans stand on abortion? 79% support a legal abortion u

Biblical Literalism Scale

 T he Biblical Literalism Scale (BLS) is a 10-item scale found in an article by Andrew Village (2005). The content of the scale includes biblical events rated by participants on a scale as follows: ‘definitely happened’, ‘probably happened’, ‘not certain’, ‘probably a story’ or ‘definitely a story.’ High scores indicated a more literal belief. Findings : The survey sample consisted of 404 Christian participants. Scores ranged from 10 (all of the items were rated as stories) to 50 (all items rated as “definitely happened”). Old Testament items were rated as less literal than New Testament items. The average scores were highest in Evangelical churches and lowest in Anglo-Catholic churches. Correlation of scores with other variables BLS and frequent charismatic experience ( r = .51) (note a) BLS and frequent Bible reading ( r = .47) (note b) BLS and age ( r = -.17) BLS and education ( r = -.14) Women scored only slightly higher on (39.8) literalism than did men (3