Showing posts with label anxiety. Show all posts
Showing posts with label anxiety. Show all posts

Thursday, October 27, 2022

Depression Anxiety Stress Scales -21 (DASS-21)

 


Scale name: Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS)

Scale overview: The Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21) is a 21-item screening instrument for the three psychological conditions of depression, anxiety, and stress.

Note: There is a 42-item version of the DASS. This post focuses on the 21-item version.

Authors: Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995)

Response Type: Items are rated on a 4-point scale of frequency.

0 = Did not apply to me at all.

1= Applied to me to some degree, or some of the time.

2= Applied to me to a considerable degree, or a good part of time.

3 = Applied to me very much, or most of the time.

Scale items

Each of the three scales (Depression, Anxiety, Stress) has 7-items worded in the first person e.g., “I felt…” or “I experienced…” and so forth.

 

Reliability:

Internal consistency values based on Cronbach Alpha calculations were strong for the DASS-21 (Antony et al., 1988).

Depression = .94

Anxiety = .87

Stress = .91

Validity: Factor analysis supported the structure of three scales. Factor loadings are reported in the Antony et al. (1988) publication.

Antony et al., (1988) reported concurrent validity data comparing the three DASS-21 scales to the Beck Depression (BDI) and Anxiety (BAI) and STAI-T measures.

DASS-21 Scales- Correlations with other measures

Depression and BDI = .79

Anxiety and BAI = .85

Stress and STAI-T = .68

Note: All of the scales in the study were correlated with values ranging from .46 to .85.

*****

Stanford et al. (2021) included the DASS-21 in a psychology of religion study. Religious coping was assessed using the Brief RCOPE. Negative coping was linked to stress (39), anxiety (.40), and depression (.41). There was a weak, albeit statistically significant relationship between positive religious coping and anxiety (.16) but not for either stress or depression.

*****

DASS-21 and the SCOPES Model

The three subscales of the DASS-21 screen for mental health conditions associated with the E (Emotion/Mood) dimension of the multidimensional SCOPES model.

Availability:

The full set of 21 items is available from the PsycTESTS database.

The items can also be found in Table 2 of the Antony et al. 1998 article.

 

Permissions: According to PsycTESTS:

Test content may be reproduced and used for non-commercial research and educational purposes without seeking written permission. Distribution must be controlled, meaning only to the participants engaged in the research or enrolled in the educational activity. Any other type of reproduction or distribution of test content is not authorized without written permission from the author and publisher. Always include a credit line that contains the source citation and copyright owner when writing about or using any test.

 

References for the scale

Antony, M. M., Bieling, P. J., Cox, B. J., Enns, M. W., & Swinson, R. P. (1998). Psychometric properties of the 42-item and 21-item versions of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales in clinical groups and a community sample. Psychological Assessment, 10(2), 176-181. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1040-3590.10.2.176

Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995). Depression Anxiety Stress Scales [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t01004-000

 

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Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

 

 NOTICE:

The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.

 

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Thursday, September 8, 2022

College Student Stress Scale CSSS

 


Scale name: College Student Stress Scale

Scale overview: The College Student Stress Scale is an 11-item self-report assessment of college students’ response to items about distress, feeling anxious, or questioning their ability.

 

Response Type: Items are rated on a scale of frequency of occurrence from 1 = Never  to 5 = Very Often.

Scale instructions and items

For the following items, report how often each has occurred this semester using the following scale

Never

Rarely

Sometimes

Often

Very Often

1

2

3

4

5

 

Examples (See the reference for the wording of the 11 items.)

Item 1. asks about personal relationships

Item 2. asks about family

 

Reliability: Cronbach’s alpha = .87 in a sample of 185 college students (Feldt & Koch, 2011)

Validity: Findings from a follow-up study revealed strong convergent validity with the Perceived Stress Scale (r = .80).  The authors also reported “Zero-order coefficients of correlation indicated that the CSSS total score is significantly correlated with neuroticism (large effect size) and also test anxiety and self-efficacy for learning and performance (both medium effect size)” (Feldt & Koch, 2011)

 

Availability:

The full text of the scale is available on PsycTESTS

Permissions:

Test content may be reproduced and used for non-commercial research and educational purposes without seeking written permission. Distribution must be controlled, meaning only to the participants engaged in the research or enrolled in the educational activity. Any other type of reproduction or distribution of test content is not authorized without written permission from the author and publisher. Always include a credit line that contains the source citation and copyright owner when writing about or using any test.

 

References for the scale

Feldt, R. C. (2008). College Student Stress Scale [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t07526-000

Feldt, R. C., & Koch, C. (2011). Reliability and Construct Validity of the College Student Stress Scale. Psychological Reports108(2), 660–666. https://doi.org/10.2466/02.08.13.16.PR0.108.2.660-666

 

Reference for using scales in research:

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Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

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Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

 

 

 

NOTICE:

The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.

 

Links to Connections

Checkout My Website   www.suttong.com

  

See my Books

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FOLLOW me on

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Read published articles:

 

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Wednesday, May 18, 2022

Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale AMAS

 



Scale name: Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale AMAS

Scale overview: The Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS) is a 9-item measure of anxiety related to mathematics.

Authors: Hopko et al.

Response Type: The AMAS uses a 5-point Likert-type rating scale.

1 = Low anxiety

2 = Some anxiety

3 = Moderate anxiety

4 = Quite a bit of anxiety

5 = High anxiety

Sample items

Having to use the tables in the back of a math book.

Taking an examination in a math course.

Reliability: Internal consistent value (Cronbach’s Alpha) = .90 and 2-week test-retest = .85 (Hopko et al. 2003)

Validity: The Hopko et al. (2003) article reports strong convergent validity with other measures and the results of a factor analysis.

Availability:

Permissions -- if identified

Author email from the article below: dhorpko@utk.edu

 

Reference for the scale

Hopko, D. R., Mahadevan, R., Bare, R. L., & Hunt, M. K. (2003). The abbreviated math anxiety scale (AMAS) construction, validity, and reliability. Assessment, 10, 178-182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1073191103010002008

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Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

 Related measure

Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Anxiety Questionnaire   MSEAQ


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Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Anxiety Questionnaire (MSEAQ)

 


Scale name: Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Anxiety Questionnaire (MSEAQ)

Scale overview: The Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Anxiety Questionnaire (MSEAQ) is a 29-item self-report measure of both mathematics self-efficacy and mathematics anxiety.

Author: Diana Kathleen May

Response Type: Items are rated on a 5-point Likert-type scale following a “no response” option:

1 = Never

2 = Seldom

3 = Sometimes

4 = Often

5 = usually

Sample items

1. I feel confident enough to ask questions in my mathematics class.

6. I worry that I will not be able to get a good grade in my mathematics course.

 

Subscales and basic statistics for the MSEAQ

     Self-Efficacy M = 44.11, SD = 10.78, alpha = .93

     Anxiety M = 46.47, SD = 12.61, alpha = .93

     Total Scale M = 90.58, SD = 22.78, alpha = .96

Reliability: See the Cronbach’s alpha levels reported above.

Validity: There were significant positive correlations with similar measures. The results of a Factor Analysis are included in the dissertation.

 

Availability: The scale is in Appendix B of May’s dissertation at the University of Georgia.

https://esploro.libs.uga.edu/esploro/outputs/doctoral/Mathematics-Self-Efficacy-and-Anxiety-Questionnaire/9949333688402959

Permissions- Generally users should contact the author unless permission to use a measure has been stated. Many authors permit free use of measures for the purposes of research and education.

Sharing: Please share this post and blog to others interested in tests and statistics. Thank you.


👉  Read more about self-efficacy.

Reference for the scale

May. (2009). Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Anxiety Questionnaire [University of Georgia]. http://getd.libs.uga.edu/pdfs/may_diana_k_200908_phd.pdf

Reference for using scales in research:

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Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

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AMAZON

 


 

 





👉  Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index


These related scales may be of interest

Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale    AMAS

Academic Self-Efficacy for Students     ASESS

 Academic Self-Efficacy Scale      ASE

General Self-Efficacy Scale       GSE


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Please Checkout My Website   www.suttong.com

  

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FOLLOW me on

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Monday, February 22, 2021

Fear Inventory III

 

Fear is a common emotion, and most agree it is a core feeling. Fear surveys are available for children and adults. Many of the fear surveys assess a fear of something such as animals, food, or pain. 


The Fear Inventory III (Taylor & Rachman, 1992) includes 66 items organized in seven subscales: Social Anxiety, Agoraphobic Fears, Fear of Bodily Injury, Death and Illness, Fear of Exposure to Sex/Aggressive Stimuli, Fear of Harmless Animals, Fear of Sadness, and Fear of Anxiety. 


The items are rated on a 5-point scale from not at all (0) to very much (4).


SCOPES domain = Emotion


Permissions:

Test content may be reproduced and used for non-commercial research and educational purposes without seeking written permission. Distribution must be controlled, meaning only to the participants engaged in the research or enrolled in the educational activity. Any other type of reproduction or distribution of test content is not authorized without written permission from the author and publisher. Always include a credit line that contains the source citation and copyright owner when writing about or using any test.

Link to List of Tests


Reference

Taylor, Steven, & Rachman, Stanley J. (1992). Fear and avoidance of aversive affective states: Dimensions and causal relations. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 6(1), 15-25. doi: 10.1016/0887-6185(92)90022-Y

Projective Testing

  In psychological assessment using projective tests, clinicians provide patients with ambiguous words, sentences, or images and look for th...