The Attachment to God Inventory (AGI)
developed by Richard Beck and Angie McDonald (2004) consists of 28 items
divided into two subscales (14 items each for Avoidant and Anxious Attachment).
The AGI is based on attachment
theory as applied to the study of the relationship between Christians and
God commonly portrayed as a parent-child relationship and referred to in the
literature as attachment
to God (e.g., Kirkpatrick, 2012).
Avoidant attachment refers to a sense of
distance from God. People close to God view God as protective.
attachment reflects an insecure relationship with God in contrast to a secure
Participants rate each scale
item from 1= disagree strongly to 7 =
agree strongly. A sample item from
the avoidant subscale is, “I prefer not to depend too much on God.” A sample
item from the anxious subscale is, “I worry a lot about my relationship with
Based on two college
and one community samples, Beck and McDonald (2004) reported Cronbach alpha values for the subscales: Avoidant, α = .84 and α = .86 and Anxious α = .80 and
α = .87.
The AGI in other research
attachment alpha = .80, 92 Avoidant attachment alpha = .88, 89, Sutton et al.
alpha = .87 Avoidant attachment alpha = .86, Sutton, Jordan, & Worthington
Intercorrelations of AGI scales and other scales from Sutton et al. (2007).
AGI anx= Attachment to God Inventory- Anxious subscale
AGI avoid = Attachment to God Inventory- Avoidant subscale
DWTFS = Deshea Willingness to Forgive Scale
ASCSRFQ = Abbreviated Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith Questionnaire
Availability: The 28 items of the AGI
The full set of 28 items can be found on page 103 of the Beck and McDonald 2004 article referenced below.
Beck, R., &
McDonald, A. (2004). Attachment to God: The attachment to God inventory, tests
of working model correspondence, and an exploration of faith group
differences. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 32,
92–103. (See page 103 for the list of 28 items.)
Kirkpatrick, L. A.
(2012). Attachment theory and the evolutionary psychology of religion. International Journal for the
Psychology of Religion, 22(3), 231-241. doi:10.1080/10508619.2012.679556
Sutton, G. W., Jordan, K.,
& Worthington, E.L., Jr. (2014). Spirituality, hope, compassion, and
forgiveness: Contributions of Pentecostal spirituality to godly love. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 33, 212-226. Academia
Sutton, G. W., Kelly, H.,
Worthington, E. L. Jr., Griffin, B. J., & Dinwiddie, C. (2018) Satisfaction with Christian Psychotherapy and Well-being:
Contributions of Hope, Personality, and Spirituality. Spirituality in Clinical Practice, 5 (1), 8-24, doi:
Link ResearchGate Link
Sutton, G. W., McLeland, K. C.,
Weaks, K. Cogswell, P. E., & Miphouvieng, R. N. (2007). Does gender matter?
An exploration of gender, spirituality, forgiveness and restoration following
pastor transgressions. Pastoral Psychology.
55, 645-663. doi 10.1007/
s11089-007-0072-3 Online Link http://www.springerlink.com/content/
Publications (many free downloads)