Thursday, January 21, 2021

Organizational Trust Index (OTI)

 

Helping Hikers - Forbes link

Scale name:           Organizational Trust Index (OTI)

Scale overview

The OTI evaluates trust in an organization with items that reflect five dimensions of trust. 

Of note, trust is a key component of working relationships and efforts to encourage reconciliation following a rift. Organisational trust is the degree of confidence employees have in the actions of an organisation's leaders and their decisions.

Author(s) See the “about” tab at the University of Colorado Colorado Springs (UCCS) Website for the OTI.

Items:  In 2021 there were 29 items on the OTI scale.

Response Type

The OTI is a 5-point rating scale. Each item can be rated from “very little” to “very great.”

Subscales:

     The OTI refers to 5 dimensions of trust:

Competence

Openness and Honesty

Concern for Employees

Reliability

Identification

Sample item

My immediate supervisor listens to me.

Reliability

The manual reports alpha of .95 for the 29-items and a range of .85 to .90 for the five subscales.

Validity

Search for studies using the OTI.

Availability

See the information on the university website. The scale may be taken online. https://uccs.edu/trustresearch/organizational-trust-survey

A 50-page manual with test items and information is available from IABC (International Association of Business Communications).

SCOPES domain = Social space 

 Permissions -- if identified

Not specified on the UCCS website.

Key words: Organizational Psychology, HR Human Resources, Organizational Climate, Trust, Leadership, Employee Relationships

Reference(s)

Nwankpa, Joseph K. and Roumani, Yaman (2014) "The Influence of Organizational Trust and Organizational Mindfulness on ERP Systems Usage," Communications of the Association for Information Systems: 34, Article 85. DOI: 10.17705/1CAIS.03485

 Reference for using scales in research:

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Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

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Leadership Behavior Description Questionnaire (LBDQ)

 


Scale name: Leadership Behavior Description Questionnaire (LBDQ)


Scale overview

The LBDQ allows members of a group to describe the behavior of a leader. There are two dimensions of leadership behavior identified as initiating structure and consideration.

 Author(s): The Personnel Research Board. Names of researchers provided at the Ohio State University webpage for LBDQ.

Items = 20

Response Type

The LBDQ is a rating scale. Participants respond to statements using a 5-point Likert-type response ranging from 1 = never to 5 = always.

Subscales

There are two subscales: Initiating Structure (S) and Consideration (C). Each scale has 10 items.

 Sample items

Initiating Structure: “Schedules the work to be done.”

Consideration: “Is willing to make changes.”

Reliability

See the manual and publications.

Validity

See the manual and publications.

Availability

See the OSU website where the instructions appear.

“To obtain free access of the full Manual and the Form XII Self Questionnaire, complete the following survey: go.osu.edu/LBDQ.”

SCOPES domain = Observable behavior patterns

Permissions -- if identified

See the OSU website for a link to the manual and form.

Reference(s)

https://fisher.osu.edu/centers-partnerships/leadership/leader-behavior-description-questionnaire-lbdq

 Reference for using scales in research:

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Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

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Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

 

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Wednesday, January 20, 2021

Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES)

 


Scale overview

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale RSES is a 10-item measure of general self-esteem. It is widely used in research and clinical practice.

Author(s) Morris Rosenberg

Items = 10

Response Type

Participants respond using a 4-point Likert type scale  ranging from strongly agree, agree, disagree, to strongly disagree.

Subscales: None.

Items provided by Fetzer Institute online

Instructions

Below is a list of statements dealing with your general feelings about yourself. Please

indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each statement.

1. On the whole, I am satisfied with myself.

2. At times I think I am no good at all.

3. I feel that I have a number of good qualities.

4. I am able to do things as well as most other people.

5. I feel I do not have much to be proud of.

6. I certainly feel useless at times.

7. I feel that I'm a person of worth, at least on an equal plane with others.

8. I wish I could have more respect for myself.

9. All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a failure.

10. I take a positive attitude toward myself.

Scoring:

Items 2, 5, 6, 8, 9 are reverse scored. Give “Strongly Disagree” 1 point, “Disagree” 2 points,

“Agree” 3 points, and “Strongly Agree” 4 points. Sum scores for all ten items. Keep scores

on a continuous scale. Higher scores indicate higher self-esteem.

Reliability

The scale has performed well in numerous previous studies.

“RSES has test-retest correlations ranging from .82 to .88. Cronbach’s alpha from various samples has a range of .77 to .88. There is a unidimensional and two-factor structure to the scale (University of Maryland, 2019). Cronbach’s Alpha gives us an indication of internal consistency (Tavakol & Dennick, 2011). Generally, a number greater than .70 is acceptable (UCLA, n.d.).” (Information from Miller, K., 2020)

Validity

   The scale is widely used in published research. See recent articles for actual data.

SCOPES domain = Self

Availability

   The items above were obtained from the Fetzer Institute’s website.

Permissions -- if identified

   None identified by the Fetzer Institute in the pdf.

 Reference(s)

Rosenberg, Morris. 1965. Society and the Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

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 Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Applied Statistics Concepts for Counselors on AMAZON or GOOGLE

 


 

 


Resource Links:  A – Z Test Index

 

     Factor analysis


     Coefficient alpha

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Six-Factor Self-Concept Scale (SFSCS)



Scale name: Six-Factor Self-Concept Scale (SFSCS)

Scale overview

The SFSCS is a 36-item self-report measure of self-concept, which organizes responses into six dimensions.

 Author(s): Professor Jane E. Stake

Items = 36

Response Type

The SFSCS is a 7-point rating scale. The labels for the points are as follows: never or almost never true of me ( 1 ), usually not true of me (2), sometimes but infrequently true of me (3), occasionally true of me (4), often true of me (5), usually true of me (6), and always or almost always true of me (7).

Subscales = 6

L = Likeability

T = Task Accomplishment

P = Power

V = Vulnerability

G = Gifted

M = Moral

 

Sample items

1 Fun to be with.

15 Sociable.

Reliability

Six week, test-retest values ranged from .68 to .85 and .97 for composite scores.

Coefficientalpha values ranged from .76 to .86 for college adults and .64 to .83 for noncollege adults (see the 1994 article for details).

 

Validity

The six factors were identified using Exploratory Factor Analysis followed by Confirmatory Factor Analysis.

Availability

See the PsycTEST reference below for the items and scoring.

SCOPES domain = Self 

Permissions -- if identified

“Test content may be reproduced and used for non-commercial research and educational purposes without seeking written permission. Distribution must be controlled, meaning only to the participants engaged in the research or enrolled in the educational activity. Any other type of reproduction or distribution of test content is not authorized without written permission from the author and publisher. Always include a credit line that contains the source citation and copyright owner when writing about or using any test.”

 

Reference(s)

Stake, Jayne E. (1994). Development and validation of the Six-Factor Self-Concept Scale for adults. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 54(1), 56-72. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0013164494054001006

Stake, J. E. (1994). Six-Factor Self-Concept Scale [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. doi:https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t07156-000

 

Reference for using scales in research:

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Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Applied Statistics Concepts for Counselors on AMAZON or GOOGLE

 


 Resource Links:    A – Z Test Index

                               

Statistical Terms Index

 

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Thursday, January 14, 2021

Independent Variable IV

 


Independent variable (IV). The variable in a research study that a researcher manipulates to determine if another variable, the dependent variable, changes when the IV changes.

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Dependent Variable DV

 


Dependent variable (DV). The variable in a research study that is expected to change when a researcher varies the level of an independent variable.

Example: In a counseling study designed to help people forgive, forgiveness would be the DV and the survey used to measure forgiveness would be the Dependent Measure.

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Cramer’s V

 

Cramer’s V. A correlation coefficient that may be used with nominal data. It is often included with chi-square test reports.

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Data or Datum and Statistics

 

Data. In behavioral research, the data are usually scores on scales or tests. But data may also be text in qualitative studies. Data is the plural of datum and takes a plural verb (e.g., data are).

 Datum. A single unit of information, one response on a test or questionnaire.


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Parent-Child Relationship Scale CPRS Review

  Scale name: Parent-Child Relationship Scale CPRS Scale overview: The Parent-Child Relationship Scale (CPRS) is a 15-item parent self-re...