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Showing posts with the label Data analysis

Post Hoc Tests and Data Analyses

  A post hoc test is a statistical test used to determine if a pair of values are significantly different from each other after the primary analysis has been completed. The term post hoc is a Latin phrase meaning after the event. A common use of post hoc tests is the comparison of group means after an F -test in an ANOVA has revealed significant differences among the groups. The reason to test for differences after an overall test like ANOVA is to reduce the risk of finding a significant difference by chance. That is, if researchers perform a large number of tests on a sample, they may find one or more tests significant by chance. There are many post hoc tests. Following are some examples of tests that compare the means of two groups. Bonferroni Test This is a popular test. By dividing the significance level by the number of comparisons, the risk of finding a significant difference by chance is reduced. This procedure is called the Bonferroni Correction. Tukey's Honest Significant