Monday, February 22, 2021

Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality (BMMRS)


The BMMRS contains 38 items organized in several groups or subscales and is available from Fetzer (1999).


Here is a list of the subscales. The subscale names are in bold italics. I included the number of items and a sample item for each subscale.


Daily Spiritual Experiences is a six-item measure. Each item is rated on a scale from many times a day (1) to never or almost never (6). A sample item is “I feel God’s presence.”

Private Religious Practices is a four-item measure. Each item is rated on a 6-point scale from more than once a day (1) to once a month (6). A sample item is “How often do you pray privately in places other than at church?”

Religious and Spiritual Coping is a seven-item measure. Items are rated on a 4-point scale from a great deal (1) to not at all (4). A sample item is “I think about how my life is part of a larger spiritual force.”

Religious Support is a four-item measure to find out how much support congregants expect to receive from their congregations. The items are rated on a 4-point scale from a great deal (1) to none (4). A sample item is “If you were ill, how much would the people in your congregation help you out?”

Religious commitment is an important aspect of faith measured on a brief scale, which includes a mix of five items measured in different ways. One example rated on a 6-point scale—more than once a week (1) to never (6)—is “How often do you go to religious services?” An open-ended item asks the average amount of contributions per month or year.

Statistical properties are available in a downloadable report booklet (See Appendix A on page 89).  At the time of this writing, there was no charge for the booklet or to use the items.

Availability of the BMMRS

See the "Click to Download" option near the bottom of this page. If the link does not work, see the reference to Fetzer below.

SCOPES domain = Self/spirituality

Link to more items and questionnaires:   List of Tests

Test Reference

Fetzer (1999). Multidimensional Measurement of Religiousness / Spirituality for Use in Health Research. Fetzer Institute and National Institute on Aging Working Group. Fetzer Institute, Kalamazoo, MI.


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Get the BMMRS     Click here to Download the PDF


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Religious Commitment Inventory—10 (RCI—10)


The RCI—10, developed by Everett L. Worthington, Jr. and his colleagues, uses 10 items rated on a 5-point scale to measure religious commitment (Worthington et al., 2003). 

Each item is rated from not at all true of me (1) to totally true of me (5). 

A sample item is “I often read books and magazines about my faith.”

Link to List of Tests

SCOPES domain = Self/spirituality


Worthington, E.L., Jr., Wade, N.G., Hight, T.L., Ripley, J.S., McCullough, M.E., Berry, J.W. et al. (2003). The Religious Commitment Inventory—10: development, refinement, and validation of a brief scale for research and counseling. Journal of Counseling and Psychology, 50, 84-96.

Anger Scales


The Anger Scales include 37 items that assess anger in detail—including a look at antecedents to anger and ways anger is expressed. The scale was developed by Alonso-Arbiol and colleagues (2011).

The items are rated from not at all typical (1) to very typical (4). 

Link to List of Tests

SCOPES domain = Emotion


Alonso-Arbiol, Itziar, van de Vijver, Fons J. R., Fernandez, Itziar, Paez, Dario, Campos, Miryam, & Carrera, Pilar. (2011). Implicit theories about interrelations of anger components in 25 countries. Emotion, 11, 1-11. doi: 10.1037/a0020295

Fear Inventory III


Fear is a common emotion, and most agree it is a core feeling. Fear surveys are available for children and adults. Many of the fear surveys assess a fear of something such as animals, food, or pain. 

The Fear Inventory III (Taylor & Rachman, 1992) includes 66 items organized in seven subscales: Social Anxiety, Agoraphobic Fears, Fear of Bodily Injury, Death and Illness, Fear of Exposure to Sex/Aggressive Stimuli, Fear of Harmless Animals, Fear of Sadness, and Fear of Anxiety. 

The items are rated on a 5-point scale from not at all (0) to very much (4).

SCOPES domain = Emotion


Test content may be reproduced and used for non-commercial research and educational purposes without seeking written permission. Distribution must be controlled, meaning only to the participants engaged in the research or enrolled in the educational activity. Any other type of reproduction or distribution of test content is not authorized without written permission from the author and publisher. Always include a credit line that contains the source citation and copyright owner when writing about or using any test.

Link to List of Tests


Taylor, Steven, & Rachman, Stanley J. (1992). Fear and avoidance of aversive affective states: Dimensions and causal relations. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 6(1), 15-25. doi: 10.1016/0887-6185(92)90022-Y

Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS)


Happiness may be the quintessential positive feeling state. We commonly wish others a happy birthday or anniversary. 

The Subjective Happiness Scale is a short four-item survey developed by Sonja Lyubomirsky and Heidi Lepper (1999) and has been completed by thousands of respondents. 

The items are rated on 7-point scales that use different words to describe the end points. 

A sample item calls for ratings of less happy (1) to more happy (7): “Compared to most of my peers, I consider myself…”

Permissions: "Permission is granted for all non-commercial use."

Availability: You can get the scale from the Website:

SCOPES domain = Emotion

Link to List of Tests

Scale Reference

Lyubomirsky, S., & Lepper, H. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness: Preliminary reliability and construct validation. Social Indicators Research, 46, 137-155.

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Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)


A questionnaire widely used in research is known by its acronym PANAS, that is, the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (Watson et al., 1988). 

Subscales and examples

There are 10 items to measure positive and negative affect. Examples of positive affect include enthusiastic, alert, and excited. Examples of negative affect include ashamed, guilty, and afraid.

Internal consistency values were .86 to .90 for the positive affect subscale and .84 to .87 for the negative affect subscale (Watson et al., 1988). Validity data support the value of the PANAS for measuring affect.

The PANAS measures the E (emotional) component of the SCOPES model of human functioning.

Adult Decision Making Competence ADMC

  Measure name: Adult Decision-Making Competence ADMC Overview: The Adult Decision-Making Competence measure consists of a set of seven d...