Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality (BMMRS)


Scale name

Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality (BMMRS)

The BMMRS contains 38 items organized in several groups or subscales and is available from Fetzer (1999).


Here is a list of the subscales. The subscale names are in bold italics. I included the number of items and a sample item for each subscale.


Daily Spiritual Experiences is a six-item measure. Each item is rated on a scale from many times a day (1) to never or almost never (6). A sample item is “I feel God’s presence.”

Private Religious Practices is a four-item measure. Each item is rated on a 6-point scale from more than once a day (1) to once a month (6). A sample item is “How often do you pray privately in places other than at church?”

Religious and Spiritual Coping is a seven-item measure. Items are rated on a 4-point scale from a great deal (1) to not at all (4). A sample item is “I think about how my life is part of a larger spiritual force.”

Religious Support is a four-item measure to find out how much support congregants expect to receive from their congregations. The items are rated on a 4-point scale from a great deal (1) to none (4). A sample item is “If you were ill, how much would the people in your congregation help you out?”

Religious commitment is an important aspect of faith measured on a brief scale, which includes a mix of five items measured in different ways. One example rated on a 6-point scale—more than once a week (1) to never (6)—is “How often do you go to religious services?” An open-ended item asks the average amount of contributions per month or year.

Statistical properties are available in a downloadable report booklet (See Appendix A on page 89).  At the time of this writing, there was no charge for the booklet or to use the items.

Availability of the BMMRS

See the "Click to Download" option near the bottom of this page. If the link does not work, see the reference to Fetzer below.

SCOPES domain = Self/spirituality

Link to more items and questionnaires:   List of Tests

Test Reference

Fetzer (1999). Multidimensional Measurement of Religiousness / Spirituality for Use in Health Research. Fetzer Institute and National Institute on Aging Working Group. Fetzer Institute, Kalamazoo, MI.


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