Showing posts with label positive psychology. Show all posts
Showing posts with label positive psychology. Show all posts

Tuesday, November 29, 2022

Gratitude Resentment and Appreciation Test-Short Form (GRAT-S)

 



Scale name: Gratitude Resentment and Appreciation Test-Short Form (GRAT-S)

Scale overview: The short form of the Gratitude Resentment and Appreciation Test (GRAT-S) is a self-report measure, which consists of 16 items assessing trait gratitude.

The original GRAT scale by Watkins et al. (2003) consisted of 44 items rated on a five point scale of agreement. The 16-item short form (GRAT-S) was used by Watkins et al. (2017) in a study about joy and gratitude.

Response Type: The 16 items are rated on a 9-point scale of agreement from 1 = I strongly disagree to 9 = I strongly agree with the statement.

Sample Scale items

1. I couldn't have gotten where I am today without the help of many people.

6. I really don't think that I've gotten all the good things that I deserve in life. (Reverse score)

 

Reliability: Watkins et al. (2017) reported GRAT-S Cronbach’s alpha = .84.

Validity: The GRAT-S was positively correlated with the State Joy Scale and the Dispositional Joy Scale (Watkins et al., 2017).

 

Availability:

The short form was available this date from the Berkeley Greater Good Science Center. https://ggsc.berkeley.edu/images/uploads/Gratitude_Resentment_and_Appreciation_Scale.pdf

Trait Gratitude and Wholistic Assessment

As a personality trait, gratitude may be viewed as a facet of observable behavior patterns (O) in the SCOPES model. As measured on the GRAT-S, the trait appears to have attendant dimensions of cognition (C ) and emotion (E). See measures related to SCOPES in Creating Surveys (Sutton, 2021).

Cite this post

Sutton, G. W. (2022, November 29). Gratitude resentment and appreciation test short form GRAT-S). Assessment, Statistics, and Research. Retrieved from  https://statistics.suttong.com/2022/11/gratitude-resentment-and-appreciation.html

 

References

Sutton, G. W. (2021). Creating surveys: Second Edition: How to create and administer surveys, evaluate workshops & seminars, interpret and present results. Springfield, MO: Sunflower.   AMAZON   Paperback ISBN-13:  9798712780327     website

Watkins, P.C., Emmons, R. A., Greaves, M. R. & Bell, J. (2018) Joy is a distinct positive emotion: Assessment of joy and relationship to gratitude and well-being, The Journal of Positive Psychology, 13:5, 522-539, DOI: 10.1080/17439760.2017.1414298

Watkins, P. C., Woodward, K., Stone, T., & Kolts, R. (2003). Gratitude and happiness: Development of a measure of gratitude, and relationships with subjective well-being. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 31, 431-452. DOI: 10.2224/sbp.2003.31.5.431

Related Posts

GQ-6 Gratitude Questionnaire

Gratitude Psychology

 

Reference for using scales in research:

Buy Creating Surveys on

GOOGLE BOOKS

 

AMAZON

 


 

 

 

Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Buy Applied Statistics for Counselors

 

GOOGLE BOOKS

 

AMAZON

 


 

 

 

Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

 

 

 

NOTICE:

The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.

 

Links to Connections

Checkout My Website   www.suttong.com

  

See my Books

  AMAZON      

 

  GOOGLE STORE

 

FOLLOW me on

   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton  

  

   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton

 

   PINTEREST  www.pinterest.com/GeoffWSutton

 

Read published articles:

 

  Academia   Geoff W Sutton   

 

  ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 

 

 

 

 

Monday, November 28, 2022

State Joy Scale

 


Scale name: State Joy Scale

Scale overview: The State Joy Scale (SJS) is an 11-item self-report rating scale of joy with strong psychometric properties.

 

Response Type: There are two types of ratings.

1. Items 1-2 are rated on a 7-point frequency basis from 1 = Not at all to 7 = Frequently. See the article for the text for each of the numerical options.

2. Items 3- 11 are rated on a 7-point scale of agreement from 1 = Completely disagree to 7 = Strongly agree.

Sample Scale items

1. In the past week, how often have you felt joyful?

7. Something happened this week that made me feel like celebrating.

 

Reliability: In study 1 of Watkins et al. (2017), Cronbach's alpha = .945.

Validity: Factor analysis yielded a one-factor solution, which explained 65.17% of the variance.

The State Joy Scale was significantly positively correlated with several measures including the following (correlations follow the scale names).

Gratitude Questionnaire-6, .424

GRAT-S,  .437

PANAS Joy, .767

Satisfaction with Life scale, .561

Flourishing scale, .599

 

Availability:

The full set of 11 items are on page 17 of the Watkins et al. (2017) article.

Cite this post

Sutton, G. W. (2022, November 28). State joy scale. Assessment, Statistics, and Research. Retrieved from https://statistics.suttong.com/2022/11/state-joy-scale.html

Reference for the scale

Sutton, G. W. (2021). Creating surveys: Second Edition| How to create and administer surveys, evaluate workshops & seminars, interpret and present results. Springfield, MO: Sunflower.   AMAZON   Paperback ISBN-13:  9798712780327     Book website

Watkins, P.C., Emmons, R. A., Greaves, M. R. & Bell, J. (2018) Joy is a distinct positive emotion: Assessment of joy and relationship to gratitude and well-being, The Journal of Positive Psychology, 13:5, 522-539, DOI: 10.1080/17439760.2017.1414298

Reference for using scales in research:

Buy Creating Surveys on

GOOGLE BOOKS

 

AMAZON

 


 

  

Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Buy Applied Statistics for Counselors

 

GOOGLE BOOKS

 

AMAZON

 


Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

Related Measures

Dispositional Joy Scale

PANAS

 


 

NOTICE:

The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.

 

Links to Connections

Checkout My Website   www.suttong.com

  

See my Books

  AMAZON      

 

  GOOGLE STORE

 

FOLLOW me on

   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton  

  

   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton

 

   PINTEREST  www.pinterest.com/GeoffWSutton

 

Read published articles:

 

  Academia   Geoff W Sutton   

 

  ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 

 

 

 

 

Sunday, November 27, 2022

Dispositional Joy Scale (DJS)

 


Scale name: Dispositional Joy Scale (DJS)

Scale overview: The Dispositional Joy Scale (DJS) is a 16-item self-report measure of joy as a trait or disposition with strong psychometric support.

 

Response Type: Items are rated on a scale of agreement from 1 = strongly disagree to 7 = strongly agree. The numbers 2 through 6 are not labeled.

Scale items- example

I often feel bursts of joy.

I often feel blessed.

 

 Reliability: Internal consistency was alpha = .954 (Study 1) and .96 and .97 (Study 2; Watkins et al., 2017).

Validity: Factor analysis resulted in a one factor solution accounting for nearly 60% of the variance (Watkins et al., 2017).

The Dispositional Joy Scale was significantly correlated with other positive psychology measures. Some examples follow with correlation coefficients next to the associated scale (Study 2, Watkins et al., 2017).

State Joy Scale .68

State Gratitude .58

Trait Gratitude GRAT-S .68

Trait Gratitude GQ-6 .53

Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale .64

General Humility Scale .24

 In study 2, the DJS was positively correlated with the PANAS -X Joy scale, r = .749. The PANAS-X is an expansion of the PANAS.

 

Availability:

The full set of 16 items can be found on page 18 of the article by Watkins et al. (2017).

 

Cite this post

Sutton, G. W. (2022, November 27). The dispositional joy scale. Assessment, Statistics, and Research. Retrieved from https://statistics.suttong.com/2022/11/dispositional-joy-scale-djs.html


References

Sutton, G. W. (2021). Creating surveys: Second Edition| How to create and administer surveys, evaluate workshops & seminars, interpret and present results. Springfield, MO: Sunflower.   AMAZON   Paperback ISBN-13:  9798712780327     website

 Watkins, P.C., Emmons, R. A., Greaves, M. R. & Bell, J. (2018) Joy is a distinct positive emotion: Assessment of joy and relationship to gratitude and well-being, The Journal of Positive Psychology, 13:5, 522-539, DOI: 10.1080/17439760.2017.1414298

 

Reference for using scales in research:

Buy Creating Surveys on

GOOGLE BOOKS

 

AMAZON

 


 

 

 

Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Buy Applied Statistics for Counselors

 

GOOGLE BOOKS

 

AMAZON

 


 

Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

 

A Related Post

Thanksgiving and Joy to the World

The relationship of joy to a wholistic assessment.

The Dispositional Joy Scale addresses emotions, beliefs about oneself (Cognition), and a durable pattern of responses, which is a trait or disposition. These correspond to the dimensions of Cognition, Emotion, and Observable behavior patterns / personality in the SCOPES model (Sutton, 2021).

 

NOTICE:

The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.

 

Links to Connections

Checkout My Website   www.suttong.com

  

See my Books

  AMAZON      

 

  GOOGLE STORE

 

FOLLOW me on

   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton  

  

   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton

 

   PINTEREST  www.pinterest.com/GeoffWSutton

 

Read published articles:

 

  Academia   Geoff W Sutton   

 

  ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 

 

 

 

 

Thursday, November 3, 2022

GRATITUDE - Measuring Gratitude



In this post, I refer to a set of items to assess gratitude. The Gratitude Questionnaire uses six items and was published by McCullough, Emmons, and Tsang in 2002.

I have written elsewhere about gratitude. People high in the virtue of gratitude are often high in other virtues as well such as optimism and life satisfaction. They also tend to be more religious. In a previous post, The Psychology of Gratitude, I list some suggestions to increase gratitude.


Reliability
In previous research, the authors found support for one factor. Coefficient alpha, a measure of interitem consistency, ranged from .76 to .84 in samples reported by the authors  (McCullough, Emmons, & Tsang, 2002; McCullough, Tsang, & Emmons, 2002).


Rating the Scale Items

When using the scale in surveys the items are rated on a 7-point scale from strongly disagree (1) to strongly agree (7). High scores indicate a higher level of self-reported gratitude.

Here's the 7-point rating: 1 = strongly disagree 2 = disagree 3 = slightly disagree 4 = neutral 5 = slightly agree 6 = agree 7 = strongly agree


Here are the six-items from the scale:

____1. I have so much in life to be thankful for.

____2. If I had to list everything that I felt grateful for, it would be a very long list.

____3. When I look at the world, I don’t see much to be grateful for.*

____4. I am grateful to a wide variety of people.

____5. As I get older I find myself more able to appreciate the people, events, and situations that have been part of my life history.

____6. Long amounts of time can go by before I feel grateful to something or someone.*


*The items marked with an asterisk are reverse scored so a score of 7 counts as 1 and a score of 6 become 2 and so on.

The total score should be between 6 and 42.

A score of 38 was at the 50th percentile in a sample of 1,224. See the link for more information.

And, here is a link to research studies using the scale (Gratitude Questionnaire). You will find information on scoring and interpreting the scores.

The scale has been used in research studies along with other scales.

It may also be relevant in some counseling situations.

Availability and Use
At the time of this post, a free download was available from Penn Arts & Sciences

Related Posts





Learn more assessment and statistical concepts in

Buy Applied Statistics: Concepts for Counselors

from  AMAZON    or from  GOOGLE BOOKS



Add the Gratitude items to a survey- Learn more about Creating Surveys

BUY from  AMAZON  or from   GOOGLE BOOKS
















BUY from AMAZON 


Resource Link for more tests and questionnaires A – Z Test Index



Gratitude References

Cite this post

Sutton, G. W. (2022, November 3). Gratitude: Measuring gratitude. Assessment, Statistics, and Research. Retrieved from https://statistics.suttong.com/2017/11/measuring-gratitude.html 

*****

McCullough, M. E., Emmons, R. A., & Tsang, J. (2002). The grateful disposition: A conceptual and empirical topography. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 112-127.

McCullough, M. E., Tsang, J., & Emmons, R. A. (2004). Gratitude in intermediate affective terrain: Links of grateful moods to individual differences and daily emotional experience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 295-309.

Also, learn more about assessment and statistics at the Applied Statistics website


Connections and Links to Resources

My Page    www.suttong.com

My Books   AMAZON  or on GOOGLE PLAY STORE

FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton

TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton

LinkedIN Geoffrey Sutton  PhD

Publications (many free downloads)
     Academia   Geoff W Sutton   (PhD)
     ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton   (PhD)

Post tags
#gratitude  #positivepsychology  #measuringvirtues

Post updated 4 Nov 2022


Monday, February 22, 2021

Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS)

 


Happiness may be the quintessential positive feeling state. We commonly wish others a happy birthday or anniversary. 


The Subjective Happiness Scale is a short four-item survey developed by Sonja Lyubomirsky and Heidi Lepper (1999) and has been completed by thousands of respondents. 


The items are rated on 7-point scales that use different words to describe the end points. 


A sample item calls for ratings of less happy (1) to more happy (7): “Compared to most of my peers, I consider myself…”


Permissions: "Permission is granted for all non-commercial use."


Availability: You can get the scale from the Website:

     http://sonjalyubomirsky.com/subjective-happiness-scale-shs/


SCOPES domain = Emotion


Link to List of Tests


Scale Reference

Lyubomirsky, S., & Lepper, H. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness: Preliminary reliability and construct validation. Social Indicators Research, 46, 137-155.

Creating Surveys on AMAZON    or   GOOGLE  Worldwide










Wednesday, February 14, 2018

COURAGE - How to Measure Courage

Lions of Kruger/ Geoff Sutton 2009



Courage is a virtue.

Despite being an ancient virtue, courage is a relatively new topic of study in psychological science. As with any psychological concept, definitions can vary. Woodward and his colleagues have begun a line of inquiry, which includes a measurement scale.

Here’s a 2007 definition:

“Courage is the voluntary willingness to act, with or without varying levels of fear, in response to a threat to achieve an important, perhaps moral, outcome or goal. (p. 136)”

Factor analysis suggested participants identified three types of threats: Physical, social, and emotional. When scale items were analyzed, four factors emerged, which were categorized by the authors as follows:

1. work/employment courage
2. patriotic/religion/belief-based courage
3. social-moral courage
4. independent or family-based courage

23-item Measure

A popular measure of courage is the Woodard Pury Courage Scale, which consists of 23-items (2007).

Each item describes a situation. Participants read each item and provide two responses. First, they provide a rating of agreement from 1 = Strongly Disagree to 5 = Strongly Agree. Second, they rate how fearful they would be in a situation from 1 = Little Fear to 5 = Very High Fear.

Items deal with various life situations such as highly challenging work situations and intervening in a dangerous interpersonal situation.


Educators, researchers, and students may want to add a courage scale to their survey projects.






Creating Surveys

Create better surveys for work and school


DOWNLOAD today AMAZON




Conditions of Use

The scale may be used in non-commercial research and educational survey projects. Contact the author for commercial use. The full scale is protected by copyright and not for public posting.


Locating the full set of scale items

Find the scale in the article—see the reference at the end of this post. The 23-items are listed in the Appendix to the article (page 147). It is also available for download in PsycTESTS ®

Read more about Courage in chapter 2 of Living Well













Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index


Reference
Woodard, Cooper R., & Pury, Cynthia L. S. (2007). The construct of courage: Categorization and measurement. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 59(2), 135-147. doi: 10.1037/1065-9293.59.2.135

Links to Connections

My Page    www.suttong.com

  

My Books  AMAZON          and             GOOGLE STORE

 

FOLLOW   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton

 

PINTEREST  www.pinterest.com/GeoffWSutton

 

Articles: Academia   Geoff W Sutton   ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 


Belief in God Scale

  Assessment name: Belief in God Scale Scale overview: Authors: D. Randles et al. (2015). Response Type: Items are rated on a scale ...