Tuesday, November 29, 2022

Gratitude Resentment and Appreciation Test-Short Form (GRAT-S)


Scale name: Gratitude Resentment and Appreciation Test-Short Form (GRAT-S)

Scale overview: The short form of the Gratitude Resentment and Appreciation Test (GRAT-S) is a self-report measure, which consists of 16 items assessing trait gratitude.

The original GRAT scale by Watkins et al. (2003) consisted of 44 items rated on a five-point scale of agreement. The 16-item short form (GRAT-S) was used by Watkins et al. (2017) in a study about joy and gratitude.

Response Type: The 16 items are rated on a 9-point scale of agreement from 1 = I strongly disagree to 9 = I strongly agree with the statement.

Sample Scale items

1. I couldn't have gotten where I am today without the help of many people.

6. I really don't think that I've gotten all the good things that I deserve in life. (Reverse score)


Reliability: Watkins et al. (2017) reported GRAT-S Cronbach’s alpha = .84.

Validity: The GRAT-S was positively correlated with the State Joy Scale and the Dispositional Joy Scale (Watkins et al., 2017).



The short form was available this date from the Berkeley Greater Good Science Center. https://ggsc.berkeley.edu/images/uploads/Gratitude_Resentment_and_Appreciation_Scale.pdf

Trait Gratitude and Wholistic Assessment

As a personality trait, gratitude may be viewed as a facet of observable behavior patterns (O) in the SCOPES model. As measured on the GRAT-S, the trait appears to have attendant dimensions of cognition (C ) and emotion (E). See measures related to SCOPES in Creating Surveys (Sutton, 2021).

Cite this post

Sutton, G. W. (2022, November 29). Gratitude resentment and appreciation test short form GRAT-S). Assessment, Statistics, and Research. Retrieved from  https://statistics.suttong.com/2022/11/gratitude-resentment-and-appreciation.html



Sutton, G. W. (2021). Creating surveys: Second Edition: How to create and administer surveys, evaluate workshops & seminars, interpret and present results. Springfield, MO: Sunflower.   AMAZON   Paperback ISBN-13:  9798712780327     website

Watkins, P.C., Emmons, R. A., Greaves, M. R. & Bell, J. (2018) Joy is a distinct positive emotion: Assessment of joy and relationship to gratitude and well-being, The Journal of Positive Psychology, 13:5, 522-539, DOI: 10.1080/17439760.2017.1414298

Watkins, P. C., Woodward, K., Stone, T., & Kolts, R. (2003). Gratitude and happiness: Development of a measure of gratitude, and relationships with subjective well-being. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 31, 431-452. DOI: 10.2224/sbp.2003.31.5.431

Related Posts

GQ-6 Gratitude Questionnaire

Gratitude Psychology


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