Showing posts with label evaluating love and relationships. Show all posts
Showing posts with label evaluating love and relationships. Show all posts

Saturday, December 12, 2020

Dispositional Contempt Scale


The Dispositional Contempt Scale (DCS) developed by Schriber et al. (2017) included 10-items measuring contempt on a 5-point rating scale.


The authors provided the following instructions on the downloaded form.

Below are a series of statements that may or may not relate to you. Please read each statement carefully, considering each one by one, and indicate the extent to which each describes you by using the response options. There are no right or wrong answers. Please answer honestly, as we are interested in how you actually think, feel, and behave.


1. I tend to disregard people who fall short of my standards.

2. I often lose respect for others.

3. Feeling disdain for others comes naturally to me.

4. I tend to accept people regardless of their flaws.

5. I would never try to make someone feel worthless.

6. I often feel like others are wasting my time.

7. I hardly ever think others are inferior to me.

8. All in all, I am repelled by others' faults.

9. Others tend to give me reasons to look down on them.

10. I often feel contempt for others.

Read more at The Psychology of Contempt


The authors state that the scale scores is the total score for the ten items. Items 4,5, and 7 are reverse scored.


The higher the score, the higher the level of contempt as a disposition or personality trait.


After developing the scale, their third sample revealed an average item mean of 2.48, SD  of .88 and alpha of .89. The DSC was significantly correlated with shame (Other as Shamer Scale, Goss et al., 1994) r = .85. Additional studies revealed DCS means in the range of 2.34 to 2.41 with SDs ranged from .70 to .92. The alpha values ranged from .88 to .90.

The authors compared the DCS to other measures and found significant relationships with aggression, hubristic price and dispositional envy. As you might expect, high DCS scores were significantly inversely related with the Big % trait of agreeableness. See Shriber et al. (2017) for details.




I downloaded the scale from Tilburg University.

 Learn more about assessment in Applied Statistics for Counselors

Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index


Goss, K., Gilbert, P., & Allan, S. (1994). An exploration of shame measures–

1: The Other as Shamer scale. Personality and Individual Differences,

17, 713–717.


Schriber, R. A., Chung, J. M., Sorensen, K. S., & Robins, R. W. (2017). Dispositional

contempt: A first look at the contemptuous person. Journal of Personality and Social

Psychology, 113, 280-309.

Add scales like the DSC to survey projects- See 

Creating Surveys on AMAZON    or   GOOGLE  Worldwide

Links to Connections

Checkout My Page


My Books  AMAZON          and             GOOGLE STORE


FOLLOW me on   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton




Articles: Academia   Geoff W Sutton   ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 


Thursday, January 10, 2019

Measuring Marital Satisfaction

The Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale (KMSS) is a frequently used short measure of relationship quality. using just three items, the KMSS has yielded highly reliable and validity data.

Internal consistency (alpha) values were in the 90s range (see for example Schumm et al., 2008). Validity data were also adequate when the KMSS was compared with longer measures like the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS; see for example Schumm et al., 1986).

The scale was developed by Walter R. Schumm of Kansas State University. See additional references below.

The scale may be used for educational and research purposes without permission.

Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale (KMSS): 3-items
Items are rated on a 7-point scale ranging from 1 (extremely dissatisfied) to 7 (extremely satisfied).

1.      How satisfied are you with your marriage?

2.      How satisfied are you with your husband/wife as a spouse?

3.      How satisfied are you with your relationship with your husband/wife?

Applied Statistics for Counselors:  Buy on Amazon

Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

References to studies using the KMSS.

Bowman, A., & Sutton, G.W. (2004). Marital satisfaction and relational attachment in a sample of newly married couples. Psychological Reports, 95, 989-991.  Academia Link ResearchGate Link

McLeland, K. C., & Sutton, G. W. (2005) Military service, marital status, and men’s relationship satisfaction. Individual Differences Research, 3, 177-182.  Academia Link    ResearchGate Link

McLeland, K. C., Sutton, G. W., & Schumm, W. (2008). Marital Satisfaction before and after deployments associated with the global war on terror. Psychological Reports, 103, 836-844. Academia Link    Research Gate Link

Schumm, W. R., Crock, R. J., Likcani, A., Akagi, C. G., & Bosch, K. R. (2008). Reliability and Validity of The Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale With Different Response Formats in a Recent Sample of U.S. Army Personnel. Individual Differences Research, 6(1), 26–37. 

Links to Connections

My Page


My Books  AMAZON          and             GOOGLE STORE


FOLLOW   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton




Articles: Academia   Geoff W Sutton   ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 

Books related to Surveys for Counselors and Psychotherapists

Creating Surveys:  Buy on Amazon

Sunday, February 11, 2018

LOVE -How to measure love

Can you measure love? Robert Sternberg thinks so.

Early clinical perspectives on love can be found in the works of Freud and Maslow. But scientific approaches have looked at the many dimensions of love in the last few decades.

One popular theory is the Triangular Theory of Love presented by Robert J. Sternberg. As the name implies, there are three constructs in this theory of interpersonal love: Intimacy, passion, and commitment/decision (see Sternberg, 1986, for an explanation). Sternberg referred to each with a "temperature" rating from hot to cool--see the parentheses below.

Intimacy refers to lovers’ emotional investment in their relationship (feeling close, connected, bonded, a measure of "warmth").

Passion refers to lovers’ motivational involvement in their relationship (romance, attraction, sex, a measure of "hot").

Commitment/decision refer to lovers’ thoughts about their relationship in terms of decision (I love…) and commitment to the long-term relationship (a measure of "cool").


The scale has 45-items, which are rated on a 9-point scale. The end points are 1 = Not at all and 9 = Extremely. The midpoint label of 5 = Moderately. The other numbers do not have text labels. 

Each of the three dimensions (intimacy, passion, commitment/decision) include 15 items.

Following are examples (I will post a link to the full scale below).

______ 1. I am actively supportive of ____________’s well-being.
______ 2. I have a warm relationship with ____________.

______ 18. My relationship with ____________ is very romantic.
______ 19. I find ____________ to be very personally attractive.


______ 31. I know that I care about ____________.
______ 32. I am committed to maintaining my relationship with ____________.

Ad. Read more about love in Chapter 10 of Living Well: 10 Big Ideas of Faith and a Meaningful Life


Ad. Educators, researchers, and students may want to add a love scale to their survey projects.

Reliability and Validity

The values reported in the 1997 article indicate high reliability values in the .80s and .90s. Factor analyses supported the three-part theory. Validity values were also favorable. For example, Sternberg compared his scale to the Rubin Scales.

Links to the full scale (I do not guarantee these external links work). If they do not work, try using a search engine to find the Sternberg Triangular Theory of Love scale.

Resource Link to more testsA – Z Test Index

 ad. Clinicians may want to use some or all of the items in their counseling practice.

Applied Statistics: Concepts for Counselors


Sternberg, R. J. (1986). A triangular theory of love. Psychological Review, 93, 119-135.

Sternberg, R. J. (1997). Construct validation of a triangular love scale. European Journal of Social Psychology, 27, 313-335.

Connections and Links to Resources

My Page

My Books   AMAZON

FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton

TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton

LinkedIN Geoffrey Sutton  PhD

Publications (many free downloads)
  Academia   Geoff W Sutton   (PhD)
  ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton   (PhD)

Interfaith Spirituality Scale

  Assessment name:   Interfaith Spirituality Scale Scale overview: The Interfaith Spirituality Scale is a self-report rating scale that m...