Skip to main content


Showing posts with the label Spirituality

Belief in God Scale

  Assessment name: Belief in God Scale Scale overview: The Belief in God Scale evaluates a person's belief in God and thoughts about God. Authors: D. Randles et al. (2015). Response Type: Items are rated on a scale of how strongly they affirm each statement. Scale items Four items assess participants’ belief in God and thoughts about God.   Availability: The four items can be found in PsycTESTS.   References for the scale Randles, D., Inzlicht, M., Proulx, T., Tullett, A. M., & Heine, S. J. (2015). Belief in God Scale [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS . doi:     Randles, Daniel, Inzlicht, Michael, Proulx, Travis, Tullett, Alexa M., & Heine, Steven J. (2015). Is dissonance reduction a special case of fluid compensation? Evidence that dissonant cognitions cause compensatory affirmation and abstraction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 108 (5), 697-710. doi:

God Image Scales (GIS)

  Assessment name: The God Image Scales (GIS) Scale overview: The God Image Scales (GIS) are a collection of six scales in a 72-item format.   Author : Richard T. Lawrence   Response Type: Items are rated on a 4-point Likert-type scale of agreement. Six Scales Lawrence grouped the 72 items into six subscales listed below. The number following the scale is the Cronbach’s alpha value from Lawrence (1997). Presence .95 Challenge   .81 Acceptance   .83 Benevolence   .84 Influence .89 Providence   .89   Reliability: The Cronbach’s alpha values follow the scale name in the list of six scales. Validity: Based on Lawrence (1997), factor analysis revealed overlap among the six scales. All six scales were positively correlated with a measure of intrinsic religious orientation ranging from .56 for Benevolence to .82 for Presence.   The correlations with church attendance were also positive and ranged from .36 to .54. Availability: The full set of 72 items c

Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS)

  Scale name: Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWB) Scale overview: The Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWB) is a self-report 29-item measure of spiritual wellbeing. There are two subscales: 10-items assess Existential Well-Being (EWB) and 10 assess Religious Well-Being (RWB).   Response Type: Items are rated on a 6-point scale of agreement: SA    Strongly Agree MA    Moderately Agree A    Agree D     Disagree MD     Moderately Disagree SD     Strongly Disagree See the manual for scoring instructions. Scale items Please see the freely available scale pdf for the items in your preferred language.   Reliability: See the manual page 3. The RWBS, EWBS, and SWBS have good reliability. For the RWBS, test-retest reliability coefficients across four studies, with 1-10 weeks between testings, are .96, .99, .96, and .88. For the EWBS, the coefficients are .86, .98, .98, and .73. For total SWBS, the coefficients are .93, .99, .99, and .82. The index of internal consist

Attitudes and Experiences of Evangelical Christians with Mental Distress

  Scale name: Attitudes and Experiences of Evangelical Christians with Mental Distress Scale overview: Lloyd and Waller (2020) used nine items to assess the relationship of spiritual etiology to mental distress in a British sample ( n = 446).   Response Type and items: The 9-questions were organized into three groups. Respondents were presented with different response options depending on the question. 1. Spiritualization of Mental Distress 1-4 Example: Has your current or previous church or related teaching taught that mental distress was the result of demons, spirits or generational curses? Response options were yes, no, or unsure. 2. Views on secular/psychological treatments 5 – 7. Example: 5. Do you believe psychological treatments, such as therapy, can be successful in treating mental distress? Response options were yes, no, or unsure. Questions 6-7 asked about church support. 3. Interaction with the Church community 8-9 Example: Overall, how do you feel abo


  Scale name: POST ABORTION QUESTIONNAIRE PAQ Scale overview: The Post-Abortion Questionnaire (PAQ) has 4-items designed to identify the treatment preferences of college women following an abortion.   Response Type: Checklist and fill in the blank Partial example The following topics are suggested areas for post-abortion psychological support. Please indicate all areas that may be of interest to you by marking an X. ____Assist with grief and loss issues associated with abortion ____Assist with improving coping skills after abortion ____Assist with addressing guilt associated with abortion ____Assist with addressing spiritual issues associated with abortion [See the reference for the full PAQ.   Notes The authors used the PAQ in a study, which included measures of anxiety and depression, and grief. See the Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology reference for the results and discussion.   NOTICE : The information about scales and measures is provid

Spiritual Modeling Self-Efficacy (SMSE)

  Scale name: Spiritual Modeling Self-Efficacy (SMSE) Scale overview: The Spiritual Modeling Self-Efficacy scale is a 10-item self-report measure of a person’s ability to learn from spiritual models. The scale is based on Bandura’s social learning theory. People learn best from models when they perceive they have the capacity to do what the model does (self-efficacy).   Read more about self-efficacy. Authors: Doug Oman et al. (See reference article below.) Response Type: Respondents were instructed to rate each item on a scale from 0 (cannot do at all) to 100 (certain can do) representing the degree of certainty that they could perform the action described in each item. Sample items 1. Identify persons in my family or community who, at least in some respects, offer good spiritual examples for me 3. Be aware almost daily of the spiritual actions and attitudes of people in my family and community who are good spiritual examples   Subscales = 2 SMSE-C five item