Monday, September 28, 2020

Big Five Personality Scales


There are a few scales that measure the Big Five Personality Traits. One acronym is the word OCEAN. Each letter refers to the first letter of a Big Five personality trait.

Scientific studies by Paul Costa and Robert McCrae (1998) established a basis for the five factors known by the acronym OCEAN, which I refer to below.


See Big Five Personality Theory for more details and references.

 

O- Openness to experience includes curiosity, imagination, and creativity. People high in this trait appreciate complexity and originality and enjoy new experiences.

 

C- Conscientiousness describes behavior patterns of self-control and acting in socially acceptable ways. People high in conscientiousness are dependable, work within rules, plan and organize effectively, and have a strong degree of gratification. 

 

E- Extroversion  (aka extraversion) is often considered along with introversion. In a sense, the dimension identifies where a person finds their energy. Extroverts thrive in the presence of others while introverts need to withdraw from people to restore their souls in solitude. 

 

A- Agreeableness refers to patterns of interactions with others and contrasts with disagreeableness. People might describe those high in agreeableness as altruistic, trusting, modest, humble, patient, tactful, polite, kind, loyal, helpful, sensitive, amiable, cheerful, and considerate.

 

N- Neuroticism refers to emotional stability. Sensitive clinicians reframe this term as Emotional Stability. 

Link to a copy of the 44-item Inventory 

https://fetzer.org/sites/default/files/images/stories/pdf/selfmeasures/Personality-BigFiveInventory.pdf

Link to a brief online version:  https://projects.fivethirtyeight.com/personality-quiz/

Big Five Reference

 Costa, P. T., Jr., & McCrae, R. R. (1998). Trait theories of personality. In D. F. Barone, M. Hersen, & V. B. Van Hasselt (Eds.), The Plenum series in social/clinical psychology: Advanced personality (p. 103–121). Plenum Press. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-8580-4_5

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Sunday, September 13, 2020

Presenting Split Opinions in a Color Chart

 


This color chart by Pew Research published 10 September 2020, reveals a useful way to depict split opinions of a study. Here are a few observations:

1. Color coding the groups makes it easy to detect the differences.

2. Limiting the chart to 4 items makes it easy to see what's going on. If there were more items, a separate chart and text would be better.

3. The anchor points along a line provide visual evidence of the divide.

4. The "All voters" column on the right shows how useless an average would be to understand what is going on in a society (in this case, the US).


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Links to Connections

My Page    www.suttong.com

  

My Books  AMAZON          and             GOOGLE STORE

 

FOLLOW   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton

 

PINTEREST  www.pinterest.com/GeoffWSutton

 

Articles: Academia   Geoff W Sutton   ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 





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