Tuesday, September 17, 2019

Impulsiveness - Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-Brief (BIS)




An 8-item version of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale is available. The 30-item BIS is a commonly used measure of impulsiveness. The original scale has undergone a number of revisions. In 2013, Lynne Steinberg and her team evaluated an 11-item version.  Based on the evidence, an 8-item version was developed. The 8-item version is knows as BIS-Brief

Each item is rated on a 4-point scale as follows.

1 = rarely/never
2 = occasionally
3 = often
4 = almost always/always

Items

The items ask the participants about thinking, planning, and self-control.

The items  may be used for education and research. purposes. The PsycTESTS entry included the following permissions statement.
Test content may be reproduced and used for non-commercial research and educational purposes without seeking written permission. Distribution must be controlled, meaning only to the participants engaged in the research or enrolled in the educational activity. Any other type of reproduction or distribution of test content is not authorized without written permission from the author and publisher. Always include a credit line that contains the source citation and copyright owner when writing about or using any test.
The 8-item list is in PsycTESTS:

Steinberg, L., Sharp, C., Stanford, M. S., & Tharp, A. T. (2013). Barratt Impulsiveness Scale–Brief [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t21455-000

Items are also included in Steinberg et al. (2013).

Reliability

Reliability findings reported by Steinberg et al. (2013) using IRT analysis was approximately .80 and Cronbach's alpha was .78.

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Validity

Steinberg et al. (2013) reported evidence of construct validity based on three samples of participants in three age groups. They found similar correlations between the 8-item version and the full 30-item version. The article also includes correlations with other measures in clinical samples.

A more recent study supported the utility of the BIS-Brief in an adolescent sample. The authors noted two-dimensions of the scale (Charles, Floyd, & Barry, 2019). Link to Sage online publication.

References

Barratt, E. S. (1959). Anxiety and impulsiveness related to psychomotor efficiency. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 9, 191–198. doi:10.2466/pms.1959.9.3.191


Barratt, E. S. (1985). Impulsiveness subtraits: Arousal and information processing. In J. T. Spence & C. E. Izard (Eds.), Motivation, emotion, and personality (pp. 137–146). North Holland, the Netherlands: Elsevier.


Steinberg, L., Sharp, C., Stanford, M. S., & Tharp, A. T. (2013). New tricks for an old measure: The development of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale–Brief (BIS-Brief). Psychological Assessment, 25, 216-226. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0030550

Steinberg, L., Sharp, C., Stanford, M. S., & Tharp, A. T. (2013). Barratt Impulsiveness Scale–Brief [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t21455-000

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Saturday, September 14, 2019

Sacred Marriage Scales

Two scales examine couples' perspectives on the role of God in their marriages. The scales are the work of Mahoney, Pargament, and DeMaris (2009). Examples and a reference are included below.

The first scale looks at the role of God in their marriage. There are 10-items. Couples are advised that they substitute another word for God as may be applicable to their faith.

Revised Manifestation of God in Marriage

     Following are the instructions

Directions: Some of the following questions use the word "God." Different people use different terms for God, such as "Higher Power," "Divine Spirit," "Spiritual Force," "Holy Spirit," "Yahweh," "Allah,", "Buddha”, or “Goddess.” Please feel free to substitute your own word for God when answering any of the questions that follow. Also, some people do not believe in God. If this is the case for you, please feel free to choose the "strongly disagree" response when needed.
  Two sample items:
   
     1) God played a role in how I ended up being married to my spouse.


     2) I sense God’s presence in my relationship with my spouse.

Revised Sacred Qualities of Marriage

  Two sample items:

     1) My marriage is holy.


     2) Being with my spouse feels like a deeply spiritual experience.

Scoring
There are 10-items in the scales. Participants are asked to respond on a 1 to 7 scale where 1 = Strongly Disagree, 4 = neutral, and 7 = Strongly Disagree.

Availability

Here's the internet address for the scales:

https://www.bgsu.edu/content/dam/BGSU/college-of-arts-and-sciences/psychology/psy-spirit-fam-mahoney/Original_Revised_Sanctification_Scales.pdf

Reference

Mahoney, A., Pargament, K. I., & DeMaris, A. (2009). Couples viewing marriage and pregnancy
through the lens of the Sacred: A descriptive study. Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 20, 1-45.

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Holy Sex Sanctification of Sexuality in Relationships


Two 10-item scales assess the degree to which couples view sexuality from a spiritual perspective.
The scales published by Hernandez, Mahoney, and Pargament (2011) are rated on the same 7-point scale.

The wording is clearly aimed at married couples. Although they use the word God, note that in a similar scale focused on children from some of the same authors, participants are instructed to think of their own deity.



Revised Manifestation of God in Marital Sexuality

Two sample items:

     1) God played a role in my decision to have a sexual relationship with my spouse. 

     2) Our sexual relationship speaks to the presence of God.

Revised Sacred Qualities of Marital Sexuality

Two sample items:

     1) Being sexually intimate with my spouse feels like a deeply spiritual experience.

     2) Our sexual relationship seems like a miracle to me.


Scoring

There are 10-items in the scale. Participants are asked to respond on a 1 to 7 scale where 1 = Strongly Disagree, 4 = neutral, and 7 = Strongly Disagree.

Availability

Link to the scales online

https://www.bgsu.edu/content/dam/BGSU/college-of-arts-and-sciences/psychology/psy-spirit-fam-mahoney/Original_Revised_Sanctification_Scales.pdf


Reference

Hernandez, K. M., Mahoney, A., & Pargament, K. I. (2011). Sanctification of sexuality: Implications
for newlyweds' marital and sexual quality. Journal of Family Psychology, 25, 775-780.


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Sanctification of Parenting Scale Revised

Mahoney, Pargament and deMaris (2009) published a revised scale that examines beliefs of  a mother toward her child.

The authors advise researchers that they may change the word "baby" to other child age labels depending on the age of the children in their study. Thus, researchers may use labels of "toddler," "child," or "teen" in place of "baby."

Spirituality

Although the authors use the word God, the instructions invite participants to use their own word for the deity. Following is a copy of the instructions. Notice the different term for the scale's name.


Revised Manifestation of God in Parenting:

Directions: Some of the following questions use the word "God." Different people use different terms for God, such as "Higher Power," "Divine Spirit," "Spiritual Force," "Holy Spirit," "Yahweh," "Allah,", "Buddha”, or “Goddess.” Please feel free to substitute your own word for God when answering any of the questions that follow. Also, some people do not believe in God. If this is the case for you, please feel free to choose the "strongly disagree" response when needed.
   Sample items
1) God played a role in my baby coming into my life.
 2) I sense God's presence in my relationship with my baby.
   Scoring

There are 10-items in the scale. Participants are asked to respond on a 1 to 7 scale where 1 = Strongly Disagree, 4 = neutral, and 7 = Strongly Disagree.


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Revised Sacred Qualities of Parenting

The authors include a second set of 10-items, rated on the same 7-point scale to assess the sacred qualities of parenting. Following are two examples of this scale.

     1) My baby seems like a miracle to me.

     2) Being a mother feels like a deeply spiritual experience.


Availability

You can find the full scale at this link:    https://www.bgsu.edu/content/dam/BGSU/college-of-arts-and-sciences/psychology/psy-spirit-fam-mahoney/Original_Revised_Sanctification_Scales.pdf

Reference

The full reference to the Mahoney et al. (2009) scale is below.

Mahoney, A., Pargament, K. I., & DeMaris, A. (2009). Couples viewing marriage and pregnancy
through the lens of the Sacred: A descriptive study. Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion, 20, 1-45.

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Impulsiveness - Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-Brief (BIS)

An 8-item version of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale is available. The 30-item BIS is a commonly used measure of impulsiveness. The orig...