Tuesday, June 28, 2022

Attitudes Toward Abortion Scale


 

Scale name: Attitudes Toward Abortion Scale

Scale overview: The Attitudes Toward Abortion Scale is a 12-item, four-choice agreement rating scale.

Authors: Michael Taylor and George Whitehead

Response Type: Items are rated on a scale of agreement: strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree.

Subscales = 2 with sample item

Moral/Legality

1. Abortion is not acceptable under any circumstances.

External Influence

10. Abortions should be partially covered by insurance companies.

 

Reliability: Cronbach’s alpha = .92 in the scale development sample.

Validity: The scale was significantly correlated with the Hess & Rueb abortion scale and the James religiosity scale. The results of a factor analysis yielded two factors.

 

Availability:

The scale is available online in the article at https://scholar.utc.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1339&context=mps

Reference for the scale

Taylor, Michael G. and Whitehead, George I. (2014) "The measurement of attitudes toward abortion," Modern Psychological Studies, 20 : No. 1 , Article 7. Available at: https://scholar.utc.edu/mps/vol20/iss1/7

 Permissions:

Suggestion, contact the journal editors.

Reference for using scales in research:

Creating Surveys on AMAZON or GOOGLE

 


 

 

 




Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Applied Statistics Concepts for Counselors on AMAZON or GOOGLE

 


 





 

Reference for research about abortion, related topics, and moral psychology


A House Divided  on   AMAZON



Related Scales

ABORTION

Attitudes Toward Abortion Scale     >>  ATAS

Attitudes Toward Abortion Questionnaire   >>  ATAQ

Post Abortion Questionnaire   >>  PAQ





Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

 

 NOTICE:

The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.

 

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Attitudes Toward Abortion Questionnaire

 



Scale name: Attitudes Toward Abortion Questionnaire

Scale overview: The Attitudes Toward Abortion Questionnaire is a 4-item scale of attitudes toward abortion.

Author(s) Matthew Feinberg et al. (See references below).

Response Type: Items are rated on a 7-point scale of attitudes:

1 = Should definitely be illegal

4 = Unsure

7 = Should definitely be legal

Sample item

If the woman’s own health is seriously endangered by the pregnancy.

 

Reliability:  Cronbach’s alpha was . 87 in study 1 of the research article (Feinberg et al. 2014).

Validity:

Correlations with other scales are included in the research article.

Availability:

The full set of items can be found in the PsycTESTS reference.

 

Permission

Test content may be reproduced and used for non-commercial research and educational purposes without seeking written permission. Distribution must be controlled, meaning only to the participants engaged in the research or enrolled in the educational activity. Any other type of reproduction or distribution of test content is not authorized without written permission from the author and publisher. Always include a credit line that contains the source citation and copyright owner when writing about or using any test.

 

Reference for the scale

Feinberg, M., Antonenko, O., Willer, R., Horberg, E. J., & John, O. P. (2014). Attitudes toward Abortion Questionnaire. PsycTESTS. https://doi.org/10.1037/t37142-000

Reference for the Research Article

Feinberg, Matthew, Antonenko, Olga, Willer, Robb, Horberg, E. J., & John, Oliver P. (2014). Gut check: Reappraisal of disgust helps explain liberal–conservative differences on issues of purity. Emotion, 14(3), 513-521. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0033727

Also on Researchgate.

 

Reference for using scales in research:

Creating Surveys on AMAZON or GOOGLE

 


 

 

 




Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Applied Statistics Concepts for Counselors on AMAZON or GOOGLE

 


 





 

Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

 Related Scales

 ABORTION

Attitudes Toward Abortion Scale     >>  ATAS

Attitudes Toward Abortion Questionnaire   >>  ATAQ

Post Abortion Questionnaire   >>  PAQ


 

NOTICE:

The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.

 

Links to Connections

Checkout My Website   www.suttong.com

  

See my Books

  AMAZON       

 

  GOOGLE STORE

 

FOLLOW me on

   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton  

  

   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton

 

   PINTEREST  www.pinterest.com/GeoffWSutton

 

Read published articles:

 

  Academia   Geoff W Sutton   

 

  ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 

 

 

 

 

POST ABORTION QUESTIONNAIRE PAQ

 




Scale name: POST ABORTION QUESTIONNAIRE PAQ

Scale overview: The Post-Abortion Questionnaire (PAQ) has 4-items designed to identify the treatment preferences of college women following an abortion.

 

Response Type: Checklist and fill in the blank

Partial example

The following topics are suggested areas for post-abortion psychological support. Please indicate all areas that may be of interest to you by marking an X.

• ____Assist with grief and loss issues associated with abortion

• ____Assist with improving coping skills after abortion

• ____Assist with addressing guilt associated with abortion

• ____Assist with addressing spiritual issues associated with abortion

[See the reference for the full PAQ.

 

Notes

The authors used the PAQ in a study, which included measures of anxiety and depression, and grief. See the Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology reference for the results and discussion.

 NOTICE:

The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.

Availability:

The complete scale is in the PsycTESTS reference below.

 

References for the scale

Curley, M., & Johnston, C. (2014). Post Abortion Questionnaire. PsycTESTS. https://doi.org/10.1037/t62176-000

Curley, Maureen, & Johnston, Celeste. (2014). Exploring treatment preferences for psychological services after abortion among college students. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology,32(3), 304-320. doi:https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02646838.2013.879566

Link to resource on ResearchGate

 

Reference for using scales in research:

Creating Surveys on AMAZON or GOOGLE

 


 

 

 




Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Applied Statistics Concepts for Counselors on AMAZON or GOOGLE

 


 

 








Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index


Related Scales


 ABORTION

Attitudes Toward Abortion Scale     >>  ATAS

Attitudes Toward Abortion Questionnaire   >>  ATAQ

Post Abortion Questionnaire   >>  PAQ


Links to Connections

Checkout My Website   www.suttong.com

  

See my Books

  AMAZON      

 

  GOOGLE STORE

 

FOLLOW me on

   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton  

  

   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton

 

   PINTEREST  www.pinterest.com/GeoffWSutton

 

Read published articles:

 

  Academia   Geoff W Sutton   

 

  ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 

 

 

 

 

Monday, June 20, 2022

Parent-Child Relationship Scale CPRS Review

 


Scale name: Parent-Child Relationship Scale CPRS

Scale overview: The Parent-Child Relationship Scale (CPRS) is a 15-item parent self-report rating of relational conflict and closeness.

Response Type: Items are rated on a scale of applicability from 1 to 5. Instructions and number terms are as follows.

Each items uses the same five point scale.

Please assign the following values to each response:

1 = definitely does not apply

2 = not really

3 = neutral, not sure

4 = applies somewhat

5 = definitively applies

Subscales = 2

    Conflict 8-items: 2, 4, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14

    Closeness 7- items: 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 15

Sample Scale items

I share an affectionate, warm relationship with my child.

My child and I always seem to be struggling with each other.

Scale statistics

See Table 2 of the article below for means and standard deviations for mothers and fathers relationship ratings with boys and girls on each subscale at both time periods of age 54 months and first grade.

Reliability:

Internal consistency was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. Separate values were reported for mothers and fathers at two times: 54 months and first grade.

Conflict subscale: Maternal: @54 m and first grade = .84. Paternal: @54m = .90, @ Grade 1 = .78

Closeness subscale: Maternal @54m = .69, @ Grade 1 = .64. Paternal @54m = .72, @ Grade 1 = .74

The relationship between the subscales was low, r = .16.

 

Validity:

See the article for details. The authors obtained ratings of observed interactions. Also, there are correlations between subscale scores and the Child Behavior Checklist and the Social Skills Rating System.

 

Availability:

Primary contact: Kate Driscoll PhD Katherine.driscoll@childrensharvard.edu

The scale https://www.frpn.org/asset/measures-father-child-relationship-quality

The article about the scale:  https://education.virginia.edu/sites/default/files/uploads/resourceLibrary/Mothers_and_Fathers_Perceptions_%28Driscoll_Pianta%29.pdf

Cite this post

Sutton, G. W. (2022, June 20). The Parent-Child Relationship Scale (CPRS) review. Assessment, Statistics, and Research. Retrieved from

Reference article for the scale

Driscoll, K., & Pianta, R. C.  (2011). Mothers' and fathers' perceptions of conflict and closeness in parent-child relationships during early childhood.  Journal of Early Childhood and Infant Psychology, 7, 1-24.

 

Reference for using scales in research:

Creating Surveys on AMAZON or GOOGLE

 


 

 

 




Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Applied Statistics Concepts for Counselors on AMAZON or GOOGLE

 


 

 





Test Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

  

Links to Connections

Checkout My Website   www.suttong.com

  

See my Books

  AMAZON      

 

  GOOGLE STORE

 

FOLLOW me on

   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton  

  

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Read published articles:

 

  Academia   Geoff W Sutton   

 

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Saturday, June 18, 2022

Dad Data Single Parents and Children




When it comes to family structure, there's been considerable change in the United States.


According to the 2020 census data from census.gov, 70 percent of American children live in a two-parent home--that is down from 85% in 1968.

About 15.5% of children only live with their mothers.

About 4.5 of children only live with their fathers.

About 4% of children are not living with their parents- they may be with other relatives including grandparents.

The link to the data

https://www.census.gov/library/stories/2021/04/number-of-children-living-only-with-their-mothers-has-doubled-in-past-50-years.html

Does it matter? Two Studies


The analyses found that children in nondisrupted two-biological-parent and nondisrupted stepparent households consistently made greater progress in their math and reading performances over time than their peers in nondisrupted single-parent, disrupted two-biological-parent, and disrupted alternative families with multiple transitions. Sun & Li 2011

**********
Children from divorced families had more behavior problems compared with a propensity score-matched sample of children from intact families according to both teachers and mothers. They exhibited more internalizing and externalizing problems at the first assessment after the parents’ separation and at the last available assessment (age 11 for teacher reports, or age 15 for mother reports). Divorce also predicted both short-term and long-term rank-order increases in behavior problems. Associations between divorce and child behavior problems were moderated by family income (assessed before the divorce) such that children from families with higher incomes prior to the separation had fewer internalizing problems than children from families with lower incomes prior to the separation. Higher levels of pre-divorce maternal sensitivity and child IQ also functioned as protective factors for children of divorce. Mediation analyses showed that children were more likely to exhibit behavior problems after the divorce if their post-divorce home environment was less supportive and stimulating, their mother was less sensitive and more depressed, and their household income was lower. Weaver & Schofield, 2015

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Evidence-based parenting


Discipline with Respect  on  AMAZON






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Father-Daughter Relationship Scale

 


Scale name: Father Daughter Relationship Scale

Scale overview: The Father-Daughter Relationship Scale is a 9-item scale of perceived closeness, which was studied in a sample of young women.

Authors: Jennie Brown, Laura Thompson, David Trafimow

Response Type: All items are rated on a scale of 4 to 7 values depending on the questions about time or closeness.

Subscales = 2

Closeness = 4 items

Time together = 5 items

Sample: One sample of mostly Euro-American or Hispanic American women between age 17 and 25.

Reliability: Cronbach’s alpha = .89

Validity: Factor analysis reported.

 

Availability: See Appendix A, p. 214.

 

Reference for the scale

Brown, J., Thompson, L. A., & Trafimow, D. (2002). The father-daughter relationship rating scale. Psychological Reports90(1), 212–214. https://doi.org/10.2466/PR0.90.1.212-214

 

Reference for using scales in research:

Creating Surveys on AMAZON or GOOGLE

 


 

 

Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Applied Statistics Concepts for Counselors on AMAZON or GOOGLE

 

 


 

Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

 

 

Links to Connections

Checkout My Website   www.suttong.com

  

See my Books

  AMAZON      

 

  GOOGLE STORE

 

FOLLOW me on

   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton  

  

   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton

 

   PINTEREST  www.pinterest.com/GeoffWSutton

 

Read published articles:

 

  Academia   Geoff W Sutton   

 

  ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 

 Photo from Bing- Free to share and use

 

 

 

Post Hoc Tests and Data Analyses

  A post hoc test is a statistical test used to determine if a pair of values are significantly different from each other after the primary ...