Showing posts with label Morality. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Morality. Show all posts

Wednesday, August 17, 2022

Christian Sociomoral Values Index


Scale name: Christian Sociomoral Values Index

Scale overview: This 13-item rating scale aims to measure the importance of select moral values commonly held among conservative Christians.


Response Type: Items are rated on a scale of agreement as follows:

1 = strongly disagree

2 = disagree

3 =  Neither Agree nor Disagree

4 = Agree

5 = Strongly agree

Scale items = 13

1. All forms of birth control are sinful.

2. Birth control methods are acceptable if they do not cause an abortion.

3. Abortion is always sinful.

4. Premarital sex is always sinful.

5. Cohabitation is always sinful.

6. A biblical marriage is between one man and one woman.

7. Same-sex marriage is sinful.

8. Divorce is sinful.

9. Sexual orientation is a choice.

10. In a Christian marriage, a man and a woman submit to each other, but the man is always the head of the marriage.

11. Women have a vital role in Christian ministry, but they should not be priests or pastors.

12. Women have an important role in churches and Christian organizations, but they should not have authority over a man.

13. Women should seek counseling from women and men should seek counseling from men.


Psychometric data:  The scale mean was 40.32 (SD = 8.85), Skew = -.69, Kurtosis = .30 (Sutton et al., 2016).

Reliability: In a sample of 220 Christian counselors, Cronbach’sAlpha = .85 (Sutton et al., 2016).

Validity: Data from table 2 (Sutton et al., 2016) show significant positive correlations with the following related measures of conservative Christian spirituality. (Read about test validity)

Christian Beliefs Index (CBI)

Intratextual Fundamentalism Scale

Christian Service Scale

Personal Christian Practices Index

Healing Experiences Scale

Basic Spiritual Practices Index

Evidence Supported Christian Accommodative Treatments Index

Extra-Session Christian Assignments Index

Spiritual Assessment Index


The items and detailed responses are included in Sutton (2021). The statistical data reported above can be found in Sutton et al. 2016.

The items are listed above and available for use in research and teaching.


The index may be used in research, teaching, and clinical practice. Users should cite Sutton (2021) and Sutton et al. (2016) in all publications and presentations that use this index. There is no need to contact the authors for non-commercial use.

To include the index in books and commercial publications, request permission from

References for the scale

Sutton, G. W. (2021). Counseling and psychotherapy with Pentecostal and Charismatic Christians: Culture & Research | Assessment & Practice. Springfield, MO: Sunflower.  ISBN-13 : 979-8681036524 AMAZON

Sutton, G. W., Arnzen, C., & Kelly, H. (2016). Christian counseling and psychotherapy: Components of clinician spirituality that predict type of Christian intervention. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 35, 204-214.  ResearchGate



Example of the details available in Counseling and Psychotherapy with Pentecostal and Charismatic Christians.

For item #2:   Birth control methods are acceptable if they do not cause an abortion.

The table values are percentages from a total of 208 responses.

The number of people Christians were:

  Evangelical 82

  Pentecostal/ Charismatic 48

  Nondenominational  43

  Other  35

 The "other" group includes respondents who identified as Catholics or a mainline Protestant Denomination

See the text for details on the other items.

Research source

ad. Reference for using scales in survey research:

Creating Surveys on





ad. Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Applied Statistics Concepts for Counselors on




  Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index



The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.


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Tuesday, October 27, 2020



It is no secret that the official position of the Catholic church opposes abortion. Many evangelicals groups also promote antiabortion positions.

The subject of abortion continues to divide Americans as evident in survey data. This has been highlighted recently with the addition of Justice Barrett to the Supreme Court—a judge known for her prolife advocacy. In the summer, Justice Thomas famously attacked the court’s ruling in Roe v. Wade (CNN).

In 2020, most Americans, the majority of whom are Christian, support abortion, though sizable percentages prefer laws that pose some limitations. Some important questions are not asked every year so, some data in the 2020 post refer to 2019, 2018, etc.

The Gallup organization has looked at variations in opinions about abortion. This is helpful as advances in medical science make it possible for the unborn to live outside the womb at younger and younger ages.

So, where do Americans stand on abortion?

79% support a legal abortion under any (29%) or certain circumstances (50%). A small percentage (20%) believe abortion should be illegal in all circumstances.

46% consider themselves prolife and 48%, prochoice. These numbers reflect a close split, especially considering statistical error. But notice how it compares with the 79% support number. Prolife people would appear to allow for abortion under certain circumstances. How questions are asked make a difference. (Read more about variations in positions.)

I study moral psychology so I found the Gallup question about moral acceptability interesting.

44% of Americans consider abortion morally acceptable and 9% reported it depends on the situation—47% opine abortion is morally wrong.

60% of Americans did not want Roe v. Wade overturned in 2019.

How you ask a question makes a difference in the answer you get.

Prolife is probably too vague a concept to be meaningful when it comes to understanding opinions about abortion.

There are more data so, head to the Gallup report for details.

 Read more about abortion

Prolife Movement Approaches Total War

The Faultline Hypothesis and Abortion

Abortion and Prolife 2019

Books on Abortion and Related Topics

   Creating Surveys on AMAZON    or   GOOGLE  Worldwide


Christian Morality  ALSO ON GOOGLE BOOKS

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Articles: Academia   Geoff W Sutton   ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 

Identity Salience Questionnaire (ISQ)

  Assessment name: Identity Salience Questionnaire (ISQ) Scale overview: The Identity Salience Questionnaire (ISQ) is a 6-item self-repor...