Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Creative charting of data

This creative time and data chart helps readers understand the details that explain why a broad concept does not always make sense.




















Official government reports tell us price inflation is low, but our experience tells us so many things cost so much more like health insurance and medical expenses. And compared to retired folks, working people earn so much more than retirees used to earn for the same job. (See Marketwatch Story for the chart and related data).

I think this type of chart would be useful when dimensions of a metaconcept change over time. For example, the process from an offense to forgiveness has multiple dimensions of change like avoidance and thoughts of revenge. If multiple measures are taken at different time points, they may be plotted over months or years to demonstrate increases and decreases. In fact, the idea of the "cost" of forgiveness might be worthy of consideration. After all, the Christian concept of forgiveness is analogous to removing a person's debt incurred by a transgression.

Learn more about writing surveys and reporting results in Creating Surveys

Available on AMAZON and Google in many world markets.








Monday, February 3, 2020

FORGIVENESS - Group Forgiveness Scale GFS




The Group Forgiveness Scale (GFS) was developed to measure forgiveness of identity-related offenses. Research supports three factors for the 17 items: Avoidance, Revenge, Decision to Forgive.

In the article describing its development, the authors focused on problems of race relations in the United States (see Davis et al., 2015, below).

The GFS is an adaptation of the Transgression-Related Interpersonal Motivations Scale (TRIM). According to the 2015 article by Don Davis and his research team, 17-items resulted in factor loadings on three distinct subscales: Avoidance, Revenge, and Decision to Forgive.

Sample items for each factor are as follows:

Avoidance
            I am avoiding them.

Revenge
            I am going to get even.

Decision to Forgive
            I have decided to forgive them.

Reliability Data
Reliability values were strong as measured by Cronbach’s alpha (Study 3: Avoidance .96; Revenge .97, Decision to Forgive .97).

Validity Data
The decision to forgive subscale was significantly correlated with the Religious Commitment Inventory (RCI) r = .27. The other subscales were not significantly correlated with the RCI. See the article for details on factor structure and other results.

Cite This Blog Post

Sutton, G.W. (2020, February 3). Group forgiveness scale GFS. Assessment, Statistics, & Research. https://statistics.suttong.com/2020/02/group-forgiveness-scale-gfs.html



Researchers may obtain the scale from the hyperlink in the reference at the end of this post. 

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Article Reference

Davis, D. E., DeBlaere, C., Hook, J. N., Burnette, J., Van Tongeren, D. R., Rice, K. G., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2015). Intergroup forgiveness of race-related offenses. Journal of Counseling Psychology62(3), 402–412. https://doi.org/10.1037/cou0000081.supp

Read more about forgiveness in Chapter 6 of  Living Well














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