Monday, February 3, 2020

FORGIVENESS - Group Forgiveness Scale GFS




The Group Forgiveness Scale (GFS) was developed to measure forgiveness of identity-related offenses. Research supports three factors for the 17 items: Avoidance, Revenge, Decision to Forgive.

In the article describing its development, the authors focused on problems of race relations in the United States (see Davis et al., 2015, below).

The GFS is an adaptation of the Transgression-Related Interpersonal Motivations Scale (TRIM). According to the 2015 article by Don Davis and his research team, 17-items resulted in factor loadings on three distinct subscales: Avoidance, Revenge, and Decision to Forgive.

Sample items for each factor are as follows:

Avoidance
            I am avoiding them.

Revenge
            I am going to get even.

Decision to Forgive
            I have decided to forgive them.

Reliability Data
Reliability values were strong as measured by Cronbach’s alpha (Study 3: Avoidance .96; Revenge .97, Decision to Forgive .97).

Validity Data
The decision to forgive subscale was significantly correlated with the Religious Commitment Inventory (RCI) r = .27. The other subscales were not significantly correlated with the RCI. See the article for details on factor structure and other results.

Cite This Blog Post

Sutton, G.W. (2020, February 3). Group forgiveness scale GFS. Assessment, Statistics, & Research. https://statistics.suttong.com/2020/02/group-forgiveness-scale-gfs.html



Researchers may obtain the scale from the hyperlink in the reference at the end of this post. 

Ad. Learn how to add scales like the GFS to survey and other research projects in




Article Reference

Davis, D. E., DeBlaere, C., Hook, J. N., Burnette, J., Van Tongeren, D. R., Rice, K. G., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (2015). Intergroup forgiveness of race-related offenses. Journal of Counseling Psychology62(3), 402–412. https://doi.org/10.1037/cou0000081.supp

Read more about forgiveness in Chapter 6 of  Living Well














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