Skip to main content


Showing posts with the label Personality

The Aspects of Identity Questionnaire (4th Edition; AIQ-IV)

  Assessment name:   The Aspects of Identity Questionnaire (4th Edition; AIQ-IV) Scale overview: The Aspects of Identity Questionnaire (4th Edition; AIQ-IV) measures four different aspects of self-identity: personal, relational, collective, and public. The four different aspects are known as the tetrapartite model (Cheek & Cheek, 2018) Authors: Cheek & Briggs, 2013 Response Type: The AIQ-IV uses a 5-point rating scale of personal importance. 1 = Not important to my sense of who I am 2 = Slightly important to my sense of who I am 3 = Somewhat important to my sense of who I am 4 = Very important to my sense of who I am 5 = Extremely important to my sense of who I am Scale items The items list 45 aspects of self-identity such as personal goals and appearance, relationships, religion, and social status. Psychometric properties Internal consistency. Sabates and Price (2023) reported good to high alpha values for the subscales using the 4th edition. Ava

Values in Action VIA Character Strengths

  Assessment name:        Values in Action – Inventory of Strengths – Revised (VIA-IS-R) Scale overview: The Values in Action – Inventory of Strengths – Revised (VIA-IS-R) is a 192-item self-report inventory of 24 character strengths associated with one of 6 virtues. The VIA-IS-R is a revision of the earlier VIA based on the theory developed by Peterson and Seligman (2004). As a measure that increases self-awareness using questions to identify thinking, feeling, and behavior, the VIA measures the central core Self of the SCOPES model along with common psychological functioning of Cognition, Emotion, and Observable behavior patterns albeit, the instrument relies on self-report. Authors: Martin Seligman and Chris Peterson (2004) Robert McGrath wrote the technical manual for the revised edition (2019).   Response Type: Items are rated on a 7-point scale of agreement from Very Strongly Disagree to Very Strongly Agree. Scales and items There are 24 character strengths.

Projective Testing

  In psychological assessment using projective tests, clinicians provide patients with ambiguous words, sentences, or images and look for themes in their response patterns that indicate the person's mood, anxieties, needs, motives, attitudes, and conflicts about which the person may have varied degrees of awareness. In order to improve the reliability of scoring, some researchers developed scoring systems, which allowed for the examination of consistency among different clinicians scoring the same record and validity studies linking test results to clinical diagnoses or other measures less reliant on clinical judgment. These scoring systems have been challenged in terms of reliability and validity of the scores. Classic psychological tests based on the projective hypothesis include the Rorschach Inkblot test, the Thematic Apperception Test, House-Tree-Person Test, and the Rotter Incomplete Sentence Blank. There are many other tests along these lines. Following are examples of a few

Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales-Q-Sort

  Assessment name:   Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales-Q-Sort Scale overview: The Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales-Q-Sort version (DMRS-Q) is a measure of defensemechanisms designed for clinical use. The measure assesses nonpsychotic defenses according to a seven level hierarchy of adaptiveness. Clinicians can enter data into an online resource which will score and report the results.   Read more about defense mechanisms in psychology. Authors: Di Giuseppe and Perry Scale items: There are five items for each of 30 defense mechanisms for a total of 150 items. The items linked to the 30 defense mechanisms and levels are listed and described in Di Giuseppe, M., & Perry, J. C. (2021).   Psychometric data: Interrater reliability values and criterion validity were reported in Di Giuseppe, M., & Perry, J. C. (2021).   Availability: See the DMRS-Q website at . At the time of this writing, the web app was free to use. The web page includes

Enneagram Personality Test RHETI

  Scale name : Enneagram [Riso-Hudson Enneagram Type Indicator [ RHETI ® ] Scale overview: There is more than one version of the Enneagram, which purports to measure how an individual’s personality fits with nine types. The version referred to in this post is the  RHETI ® —see above for the full name. A study by Newgent et al. (2004) used the 144-item forced choice format. Authors: Don Richard Riso and Russ Hudson Response Type: Forced-choice format Subscales: There are nine types referred to by number and a label: 1 Reformer- principled, idealistic 2 Helper- caring, interpersonal 3 Achiever- adaptable, success-oriented 4. Individualist- romantic, introspective 5 Investigator- intense, cerebral 6 Loyalist- committed, security-oriented 7 Enthusiast- busy, productive 8 Challenger- powerful, dominating 9 Peacemaker- easy-going, self-effacing More detailed descriptions can be found at The Enneagram Institute Sample item: (Newgent, et al., 2004, p. 228)

Narcissistic Personality Inventory-13

The Narcissistic Personality Inventory - 13 (NPI-13) was developed by Gentile et al. (2013). It is a shortened version of the 40-item NPI. The authors describe trait narcissism as a trait on a continuum with features of "a grandiose sense of self, feelings of entitlement, and a dominant and antagonistic interpersonal style (p. 1120)." Scale and subscales The NPI-13 has three subscales (Cronbach  alpha values in parentheses): Leadership/authority (.66) Grandiose Exhibitionism (.65) Entitlement/ exploitativeness (.51) Total Scale alpha = .73. Psychometric Properties In general, the three NPI scales were significantly positively correlated with grandiose scales from the PNI and NGS, psychological entitlement, and both self-report and interview-based symptom of NPD. All three were also positively related to self-esteem scores," (Gentile et al., 2013, p. 1124). The authors also found positive correlations between the NPI scales and DSM-IV-TR personality disorders of paranoid