Tuesday, November 17, 2020

Personal Self-Concept Questionnaire (PSQ)


The Personal Self-Concept Questionnaire (PSQ) 


The Personal Self-Concept Questionnaire (PSQ) measures self-concept based on ratings of 18 items, which are grouped into four categories: Self-fulfilment, autonomy, honesty, and emotional self-concept.

Subscales: The PSQ has four subscales

1. Self-fulfilment (6 items)

2. Autonomy (4 items)

3. Honesty (3 items)

4. Emotional self-concept (5 items)

 👉 [Read more about Self-Concept and Self-Identity]

The PSQ is a Likert-type scale with five response options ranging from totally disagree to totally agree.

Reliability and Validity

In the first study, coefficient alpha = .85 and in study two, alpha = .83.

Data analysis supported a four-dimensional model (see the four categories above). Positive correlations with other self-concept measures were statistically significant.

Other notes

The authors estimated it took about 10 minutes to complete the PSQ.

Their first study included people ages 12 to 36 (n = 506). In the second study, ages were 15 to 65 (= 1135).

More research is needed to understand how the PSQ functions in various populations and what might be considered an average range of scores.

Some research studies using the PSC.

Tejpar (2021) used the PSC with other measures in a study at Queen's University in Canada. Following is what he found.

Correlational analyses indicated that greater scores in self compassion were associated with greater scores in self-concept, self-efficacy learning strategies scores, and overall self-regulation. Greater scores in self-concept were associated with great scores in self-efficacy, learning strategies scores and overall self-regulated learning scores.

In 2015, Eider Goñi Palacios and colleagues used the PSQ in a study of personal self-concept and life satisfaction. The PSQ internal consistency value was .821. The four dimensions helped explain 46% of the variance in Life satisfaction.

Nejati and Ilchi (2023) used the PSQ in a reading comprehension study. See the article for details.

Jesús Enrique Peinado Pérez and his research team (2019) used the PSQ in a Mexican sample. They adapted the PSQ and reported the results of their analysis of the factor structure. Of note, they provided item means and standard deviations for the 18 items. See the article for their 3 factors and how the items load on those factors.


The PSQ items can be found in the Goñi et al. (2011) article (see the reference below). The 18-items can be found in Table 1 on page 512. Notice the 4-items eliminated from the 22 item measure used in the first study.

Self-Concept is the focal dimension of S in the SCOPES model of functioning.

Resource Link for more tests and questionnairesA – Z Test Index

Related concepts

Read more about Self and Self-Concepts in Psychology

Reference for the PSQ

Goñi, E., Madariaga, J. M., Axpe, I., & Goñi, A. (2011). Structure of the Personal Self-Concept (PSC) Questionnaire. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 11, 509-522.

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