Thursday, December 8, 2022

God Image Scales (GIS)


Assessment name: The God Image Scales (GIS)

Scale overview: The God Image Scales (GIS) are a collection of six scales in a 72-item format.

 Author: Richard T. Lawrence

 Response Type: Items are rated on a 4-point Likert-type scale of agreement.

Six Scales

Lawrence grouped the 72 items into six subscales listed below. The number following the scale is the Cronbach’s alpha value from Lawrence (1997).

Presence .95

Challenge  .81

Acceptance  .83

Benevolence  .84

Influence .89

Providence  .89



The Cronbach’s alpha values follow the scale name in the list of six scales.


Based on Lawrence (1997), factor analysis revealed overlap among the six scales. All six scales were positively correlated with a measure of intrinsic religious orientation ranging from .56 for Benevolence to .82 for Presence.  The correlations with church attendance were also positive and ranged from .36 to .54.


The full set of 72 items can be found in Lawrence (1997).

Reference for the scale

Lawrence, R. T. (1997). Measuring the image of God: The God Image Inventory and the God Image Scales. Journal of Psychology and Theology25(2), 214–226.

Reference for using scales in research:

Buy Creating Surveys on








Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Buy Applied Statistics for Counselors









Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index





The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.


Links to Connections

Checkout My Website


See my Books





FOLLOW me on

   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton  


   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton




Read published articles:


  Academia   Geoff W Sutton   


  ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 





No comments:

Post a Comment

Interfaith Spirituality Scale

  Assessment name:   Interfaith Spirituality Scale Scale overview: The Interfaith Spirituality Scale is a self-report rating scale that m...