Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS)


Scale name: Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWB)

Scale overview: The Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWB) is a self-report 29-item measure of spiritual wellbeing. There are two subscales: 10-items assess Existential Well-Being (EWB) and 10 assess Religious Well-Being (RWB).

 Response Type: Items are rated on a 6-point scale of agreement:

SA   Strongly Agree

MA   Moderately Agree

A   Agree

D   Disagree

MD   Moderately Disagree

SD   Strongly Disagree

See the manual for scoring instructions.

Scale items

Please see the freely available scale pdf for the items in your preferred language.


Reliability: See the manual page 3.

The RWBS, EWBS, and SWBS have good reliability. For the RWBS, test-retest reliability coefficients across four studies, with 1-10 weeks between testings, are .96, .99,

.96, and .88. For the EWBS, the coefficients are .86, .98, .98, and .73. For total SWBS,

the coefficients are .93, .99, .99, and .82.

The index of internal consistency, coefficient alpha, also shows high reliability. Across 7 samples, the internal consistency coefficients ranged from .82 to .94 (RWB), .78 to .86 (EWB), and .89 to .94 (SWB) (Bufford, Paloutzian, & Ellison, 1991).


See the manual page 4.

SWB, RWB, and EWB are correlated positively with a positive self-concept, sense of purpose in life, physical health, and emotional adjustment. They are negatively correlated with ill health, emotional maladjustment, and lack of purpose in life (Bufford, Paloutzian, & Ellison, 1991). See Paloutzian et al., (2012, 2021) for more extensive and up-to-date information.


Availability: (Note these links worked on 14 October 2022)

I found the manual with the scale and details at this address


The scale is available in many languages and there is no cost but users must include the copyright information.

This is a link to the Spiritual Well-Being Scale, which is available in many languages. https://www.westmont.edu/psychology/raymond-paloutzian-spiritual-wellbeing-scale


References for the scale

Bufford, Rodger & Paloutzian, Raymond & Ellison, Craig. (1991). The Spiritual Well-Being Scale. Journal of Psychology and Theology. 19. 56-70. 10.1177/009164719101900106.

Czech version

Tavel, P., Sandora, J., Furstova, J., Lacev, A., Husek, V., Puzova, Z., Solcova, I. P., & Malinakova, K. (2021). Spiritual Well-Being Scale--Czech Version. PsycTESTS. https://doi.org/10.1037/t79654-000

French version

Velasco, L., & Rioux, L. (2009). Spiritual Well-Being Scale—French Version. PsycTESTS. https://doi.org/10.1037/t45690-000

Additional references may be found at this link

(Note this link worked on 14 October 2022)



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 Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

 A Related Book on Spiritual Well-Being




The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.


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