Wednesday, January 20, 2021

Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES)


Scale overview

The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale RSES is a 10-item measure of general self-esteem. It is widely used in research and clinical practice.

Author(s) Morris Rosenberg

Items = 10

Response Type

Participants respond using a 4-point Likert type scale  ranging from strongly agree, agree, disagree, to strongly disagree.

Subscales: None.

Items provided by Fetzer Institute online


Below is a list of statements dealing with your general feelings about yourself. Please

indicate how strongly you agree or disagree with each statement.

1. On the whole, I am satisfied with myself.

2. At times I think I am no good at all.

3. I feel that I have a number of good qualities.

4. I am able to do things as well as most other people.

5. I feel I do not have much to be proud of.

6. I certainly feel useless at times.

7. I feel that I'm a person of worth, at least on an equal plane with others.

8. I wish I could have more respect for myself.

9. All in all, I am inclined to feel that I am a failure.

10. I take a positive attitude toward myself.


Items 2, 5, 6, 8, 9 are reverse scored. Give “Strongly Disagree” 1 point, “Disagree” 2 points,

“Agree” 3 points, and “Strongly Agree” 4 points. Sum scores for all ten items. Keep scores

on a continuous scale. Higher scores indicate higher self-esteem.


The scale has performed well in numerous previous studies.

“RSES has test-retest correlations ranging from .82 to .88. Cronbach’s alpha from various samples has a range of .77 to .88. There is a unidimensional and two-factor structure to the scale (University of Maryland, 2019). Cronbach’s Alpha gives us an indication of internal consistency (Tavakol & Dennick, 2011). Generally, a number greater than .70 is acceptable (UCLA, n.d.).” (Information from Miller, K., 2020)


   The scale is widely used in published research. See recent articles for actual data.


   The items above were obtained from the Fetzer Institute’s website.

Permissions -- if identified

   None identified by the Fetzer Institute in the pdf.


Rosenberg, Morris. 1965. Society and the Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

 Reference for using scales in research:

 Creating Surveys on AMAZON    or   GOOGLE  Worldwide

 Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Applied Statistics Concepts for Counselors on AMAZON or GOOGLE




Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

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