Leadership Behavior Description Questionnaire (LBDQ)


Scale name: Leadership Behavior Description Questionnaire (LBDQ)

Scale overview

The LBDQ allows members of a group to describe the behavior of a leader. There are two dimensions of leadership behavior identified as initiating structure and consideration.

 Author(s): The Personnel Research Board. Names of researchers provided at the Ohio State University webpage for LBDQ.

Items = 20

Response Type

The LBDQ is a rating scale. Participants respond to statements using a 5-point Likert-type response ranging from 1 = never to 5 = always.


There are two subscales: Initiating Structure (S) and Consideration (C). Each scale has 10 items.

 Sample items

Initiating Structure: “Schedules the work to be done.”

Consideration: “Is willing to make changes.”


See the manual and publications.


See the manual and publications.


See the OSU website where the instructions appear.

“To obtain free access of the full Manual and the Form XII Self Questionnaire, complete the following survey: go.osu.edu/LBDQ.”

SCOPES domain = Observable behavior patterns

Permissions -- if identified

See the OSU website for a link to the manual and form.



 Reference for using scales in research:

Creating Surveys on AMAZON    or   GOOGLE  Worldwide


Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Applied Statistics Concepts for Counselors on AMAZON or GOOGLE



Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index


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