Monday, March 21, 2022

Intrinsic-Extrinsic Religious Orientation Revised 3-item

 



Scale name: Internal / External Religious Orientation Scale Revised 3-Item

Scale overview: 

The 3-item Revised Internal / External Religious Orientation Scale measures the degree to which people view their religion as important to their life [(Intrinsic (I)] or as a means to an end [(Extrinsic personally (Ep) or Extrinsic socially oriented (Es)].

Authors: Richard L. Gorsuch and Susan E. McPherson

Response Type: A 5-point rating scale with anchors labeled Strongly Disagree and Strongly Agree

Subscales: There are three subscales in the revised edition.

I = Intrinsic

Ep = Extrinsic personal

Es = Extrinsic social

 

The 3 subscale items

I = My whole approach to life is based upon my religion.

Ep = What religion offers me most is comfort in times of trouble and sorrow.

Es = I go to church mainly because I enjoy seeing people I know there.

Reliability: The larger 14-item scale from which the above three best items were drawn yielded high test-retest reliability values.

Validity: The authors used factor analysis to identify the three factors then selected the best item from each factor for the single item measures.

The content of the items is based on the theory of intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientations presented by Allport and Ross.

Availability: The scale is available on page 352 of the 1989 article.

References

Allport, G.W. & Ross, J.M. (1967). Personal religious orientation and prejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 5, 423-433.

Gorsuch, R. L. & McPherson, S. E. (1989). Intrinsic/extrinsic measurement: I/E-Revised and single-item scales. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 28, 348-354.

 

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Tuesday, March 8, 2022

Partner-Focused Prayer Measure

 


Scale name: Partner-Focused Prayer Measure

Scale overview: The Partner-Focused Prayer Measure is a 4-item, 5-point rating scale evaluating the frequency of prayer for one’s partner as a part of a study relating partner prayer to infidelity.

Authors: Frank D. Fincham and Nathaniel M. Lambert, The Florida State University, Steven R. H. Beach, University of Georgia

Response Type: The Partner-Focused Prayer Measure uses a 5 point scale ranging from 1 (never) to 5 (very frequently).

Sample items:

3. I ask God to watch over my partner.

4. I pray for my partner to reach his/her goals

Reliability: Alpha = .96.

Validity: The content of the scale appears to accomplish its purpose and it was useful in the study.

Availability: The full set of 4 items is on page 2 of the PsycTESTS entry.

Permissions

Test content may be reproduced and used for non-commercial research and educational purposes without seeking written permission. Distribution must be controlled, meaning only to the participants engaged in the research or enrolled in the educational activity. Any other type of reproduction or distribution of test content is not authorized without written permission from the author and publisher. Always include a credit line that contains the source citation and copyright owner when writing about or using any test. (PsycTESTS, 2010, p.1)

 Comment

The researchers found evidence supporting the value of prayer in romantic relationships. Here's a quote from the 2010 discussion section:

"The current series of studies provides evidence that prayer focused on requesting beneficial outcomes (blessings) for the partner is associated with decreased propensity to transgress against the partner by engaging in extradyadic romantic behavior"

Clinicians may find the items useful in couples counseling with couples who pray. 

References

Fincham, F. D., Lambert, N. M., & Beach, S. R. H. (2010). Partner-Focused Prayer Measure [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t43165-000

Fincham, Frank D., Lambert, Nathaniel M., & Beach, Steven R. H. (2010). Faith and unfaithfulness: Can praying for your partner reduce infidelity? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,99(4), 649-659. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0019628

 

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Monday, March 7, 2022

Prayer Inventory

 


Scale name: Prayer Inventory

Scale overview:

The Prayer Inventory is a 24-item rating scale.

Authors: Bänziger, S., van Uden, M., & Janssen, J.

Response Type: The items are rated on a 7-point scale 

(Never= 1; Occasionally=2; Sometimes=3; Regularly=4; 

Often=5; Very often=6; Always=7).

Sample items

            4. In my prayers, I ask for forgiveness

14. Difficult moments are a reason to pray

Reliability and Validity: See the 2008 article for details.

Availability: The 24-items are available in the PsyTESTS reference.

Permissions : PsycTESTS, advises contact of the publisher and corresponding author.

 

References

Bänziger, S., van Uden, M., & Janssen, J. (2008). Prayer Inventory [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t41613-000

Bänziger, Sarah, van Uden, Marinus, & Janssen, Jacques. (2008). Praying and coping: The relation between varieties of praying and religious coping styles. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, Vol 11(1), 101-118. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13674670600748386 , © 2008 by Taylor & Francis. Reproduced by Permission of Taylor & Francis.

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Saturday, February 19, 2022

Sexual Orientation Identity Development Scale SOI

 


Scale name:  Sexual Orientation Identity Development Scale  (SOI)

Scale overview:

The Sexual Orientation Identity Development Scale measures three dimensions of sexual orientation: Affirmation, Exploration, Resolution. English and Spanish versions are available.

Authors:  Toomey, R. B., Anhalt, K., & Shramko, M.

Response Type4-point rating scale: 

1 = Does not describe me at all, 

2 = Describes me a little,

3 = Describes me well, 

4 = Describes me very well.

Español

1 = No me describe en absolute,  

2 = Me escribe un poco,  

3 = Me describe bien,

4 = Me describe muy bien


Subscales: There are three subscales (alpha values in parentheses):

     Affirmation (Spearman-Brown .81)

     Exploration (Spearman-Brown .61)

     Resolution (alpha .67)

 

Sample items

  1. I have attended events that have helped me learn about my sexual orientation, such as gay-straight alliance meetings or events at a lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community center.

  9. I have a clear sense of what my sexual orientation means to me.

Español

  1.  He asistido a eventos que me han ayudado a aprender más acerca de mi orientación sexual. Por ejemplo, he asistido al club de estudiantes GSA (Gay-Straight Alliance/Alianza Gay-Heterosexual) en mi escuela ó a eventos en el centro comunitario LGBT.

  9.  Tengo un sentido claro de lo que significa mi orientación sexual para mí.

 

Reliability: See the alpha values next to each subscale above.

Validity:

The authors used factor analysis to examine the structure of the scale.

“In terms of construct validity, we found that SOI resolution and affirmation were both positively associated with self-esteem and negatively correlated with internalized homonegativity. SOI exploration, however, was not associated with self-esteem or internalized homonegativity.” (Toomey et al., 2016, p. 499)

See the article below for more details.

Availability: The full set of items are available in English and Spanish with the four point ratings at the PsycTESTS reference– see below.

Permissions

   Contact Publisher and Corresponding Author.” toomey@email.arizona.edu

            Publisher: © 2016 by Taylor & Francis

References

Toomey, R. B., Anhalt, K., & Shramko, M. (2016). Sexual Orientation Identity Development Scale [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t52502-000

Toomey, Russell B., Anhalt, Karla, & Shramko, Maura. (2016). An examination of the validity and reliability of a measure of sexual orientation identity exploration, resolution, and affirmation. Self and Identity, Vol 15(4), 488-504. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15298868.2016.1157516

 

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Spearman-Brown

 



The Spearman-Brown formula estimates test score reliability of a full-length test when using a split-half method of reliability.

The split-half method divides a test in two and calculate a correlation between the scores of the two halves. Longer tests are yield higher reliability values so the Spearman-Brown formula estimates the reliability value for the full test.

Other names for the Spearman-Brown formula are Spearman-Brown Prophecy Formula, Spearman-Brown Correction.


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Thursday, February 17, 2022

Transgender Positive Identity Measure (T-PIM)

 


Scale name: Transgender Positive Identity Measure (T-PIM)

Scale overview: The Transgender Positive Identity Measure (T-PIM) is a 24-item, 7-point measure of positive identity for people who identify as transgender.

Authors: Riggle, E. D. B., & Mohr, J. J. (2015)

Response Type: 7-point rating scale; 1 = disagree strongly, 7 = agree strongly

Subscales: There are five factors

Authenticity

Intimacy

Community

Social Justice

Insights

 

Sample items

    My LGBT identity has given me more confidence

    I feel supported by the LGBT community

Reliability: Alpha for the 24-items was .93. Alpha values for the five subscales range from .81 to .92.

Validity: The authors reported  their method of selecting five factors based on factor analysis.

Availability: The full set of 24 items can be found in the PsycTESTS reference.

Permissions -- if identified

“Test content may be reproduced and used for non-commercial research and educational purposes without seeking written permission. Distribution must be controlled, meaning only to the participants engaged in the research or enrolled in the educational activity. Any other type of reproduction or distribution of test content is not authorized without written permission from the author and publisher. Always include a credit line that contains the source citation and copyright owner when writing about or using any test.”

 

Reference

Riggle, E. D. B., & Mohr, J. J. (2015). Transgender Positive Identity Measure. PsycTESTS. https://doi.org/10.1037/t39591-000

Riggle, E. D. B., & Mohr, J. J. (2015). A proposed multi factor measure of positive identity for transgender identified individuals. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity2(1), 78–85. https://doi.org/10.1037/sgd0000082

 

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Bisexual Identity Inventory (BII)

 


Scale name: Bisexual Identity Inventory (BII)

Scale overview: The Bisexual Identity Inventory measures dimensions of bisexual identity using 24-items rated on a 7-point scale.

Authors: Paul, Ron, Smith, Nathan Grant, Mohr, Jonathan J., & Ross, Lori E. (2014).

Response Type: 7-point Likert-type ratings from 1 = strongly disagree to 7 = strongly agree.

Subscales:  Four (coefficient alphas in parentheses from two samples)

Illegitimacy of Bisexual Identity (.80, .84)

Anticipated Binegativity (.78, .73)

Internalized Binegativity (.87, .84)

Identity Affirmation (.91, .93)

See Paul et al. (2014b) for factors and psychometrics.

 

Sample items

1. People probably do not take me seriously when I tell them I am bisexual.

24. I would be better off if I would identify as gay or straight, rather than bisexual

Reliability: Coefficient alphas range from .73 to .93 for the

Validity: All subscales except Identity Affirmation were significantly correlated with depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale). Identity affirmation was significantly positively correlated with a measure of outness (Outness Inventory).

Availability: The full set of 24 items is in PsycTESTS – see reference below.

Permissions:Researchers may use this scale without contacting us to obtain permission. However, we ask that reports of findings using this scale be forwarded to Nathan Grant Smith.”

 

References

Paul, R., Smith, N. G., Mohr, J. J., & Ross, L. E. (2014a). Bisexual Identity Inventory. PsycTESTS. https://doi.org/10.1037/t37065-000

Paul, Ron, Smith, Nathan Grant, Mohr, Jonathan J., & Ross, Lori E. (2014b). Measuring dimensions of bisexual identity: Initial development of the Bisexual Identity Inventory. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity, 1(4), 452-460. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/sgd0000069

 

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Projective Testing

  In psychological assessment using projective tests, clinicians provide patients with ambiguous words, sentences, or images and look for th...