Dimensions of Grace Scale



Scale overview: The Dimensions of Grace Scale is a 36-item multidimensional self-report assessment of grace measured on a scale of agreement.


Authors: Bufford, Sisemore, and Blackburn


Response Type: Items are rated on a scale of agreement from 1 = Strongly Disagree to 7 = Strongly Agree.

Subscales (5 dimensions)

God’s grace

Costly grace

Grace to self

Grace from others

Grace to others


Psychometric properties

Bufford et al. (2021) reported a history of alpha coefficients ranging from 0.654 to 0.824 across the five dimensions.

Moderate positive correlations to strong correlations were found between the following Grace dimensions and Big Five Domains and Intrinsic Religiosity as follows:

God’s grace and Openness, and Agreeableness as well as with the Intrinsic Religiosity.

Costly grace and Agreeableness and Intrinsic Religiosity

Grace from others and Intrinsic Religiosity

Grace to Others and Agreeableness and Intrinsic Religiosity

Negative correlations were found between all grace dimensions except Grace from others and the Big Five Neuroticism Domain.



The full set of 36 items can be found in Bufford et al. (2017).

Lead author, Rodger Bufford is a professor at George Fox University.

Reference for the scale

Bufford, R. K., Sisemore, T. A. & Blackburn, A. M. (2017), Dimensions of Grace: Factor Analysis of Three Grace Scales. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 9, 56-69.

Bufford, Rodger K.; Beard, Javeen; Flores, Melissa; Price, Lindsay; and Hodge, Adam, "Dimensions of Grace Scale: Concurrent Validation" (2021). Faculty Publications - Doctor of Psychology (PsyD) Program. 343.  Retrieved from "Dimensions of Grace Scale: Concurrent Validation" by Rodger K. Bufford, Javeen Beard et al. (georgefox.edu)


Reference for using scales in research:

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Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Buy Applied Statistics for Counselors







Resource Links:

Find more tests and measures at   A – Z Test Index

Find more measures of Religion and Spirituality at     Spiritual Assessment Index

 A book about grace-

Sin and Grace in Christian Counseling by Mark R. McMinn



The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.


Post Author


Geoffrey W. Sutton PhD is Emeritus Professor of Psychology who publishes book and articles about clinical and social psychology including the psychology of religion. Website:     www.suttong.com


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