Skip to main content

Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales-Self-Report-30 (DMRS-SR-30)

 


Assessment name:  Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales-Self-Report-30 (DMRS-SR-30)

Scale overview: The Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales-Self-Report-30 (DMRS-SR-30) is a 30-item self-administered measure of psychological defense mechanisms that assesses overall defensive functioning. The 30-items were developed based on the Q-Sort version known as the DMRS-Q (Di Giuseppe et al., 2014).

 Read more about defense mechanisms in psychology.

Authors: Tracy A. Prout, Mariagrazia Di Giuseppe, Sigal Zilcha-Mano, J. Christopher

Perry & Ciro Conversano

 

Response Type: Items are rated on a scale of frequency as follows:

0 = Not at all

1 = Rarely/slightly

2 = Sometimes/somewhat

3 = Often/ a lot

4 = Very often/ much

 

Scale items

There are 30 items related to defense mechanisms. The items represent defense mechanisms and are organized into categories based on three factors.

Factor 1. Mature Defenses in the High-Adaptive level

Affiliation

Altruism

Anticipation

Humor

Self-assertion

Self-observation

Sublimation

Suppression

Factor 2: Mental Inhibition and Avoidance – Obsessional, Neurotic and Disavowal levels

Isolation of affects

Intellectualization

Undoing

Repression

Dissociation

Reaction formation

Displacement

Denial

Autistic fantasy

 

3. Depressive and Immature defenses

Devaluation

Idealization

Rationalization

Projection

Projective identification

Splitting of other’s image

Splitting of self-image

Passive aggression

Help-rejecting complaining

Acting out

 

 

Reliability and Validity

See Di Giuseppe et al. (2020) and Prout et al. (2022) articles below for psychometric data on the DMRS-30-SR scale. The researchers have provided the results of a factor analysis, coefficient alpha values, and correlations with other measures.

 

The results yield several scores. The ODF (Overall Defensive Functioning) score is based on all 30 items. Prout et al. (2022) reported ODF (M = 5.43, SD = 0.61) alpha .90 in their sample of 1,549 participants.

Availability:

The full text of the English and Italian versions can be found in the Di Giuseppe et al. (2020) article below.

 Related measure

Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales Q-Sort

Read more about defense mechanisms in psychology



References

Di Giuseppe, M., Perry, J. C., Lucchesi, M., Michelini, M., Vitiello, S.,

Piantanida, A., Fabiani, M., Maffei, S., & Conversano, C. (2020).

Preliminary validity and reliability of the novel self-report based on

the Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales (DMRS-SR-30). Frontiers in

Psychiatry, 11, 870. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00870

 

Di Giuseppe, M., Perry, J. C., Petraglia, J., Janzen, J., & Lingiardi, V.

(2014). Development of a Q-Sort version of the Defense Mechanism

Rating Scales (DMRS-Q) for clinical use. Journal of Clinical

Psychology, 70(5), 452–465. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22089

 

Prout, T. A., Di Giuseppe, M.,  Zilcha-Mano, S.,  Perry, J. C. & Ciro C. (2022) Psychometric Properties of the Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales-Self-Report-30 (DMRS-SR-30): Internal Consistency, Validity and Factor Structure, Journal of Personality Assessment, 104, 6, 833-843, DOI: 10.1080/00223891.2021.2019053

 

Reference for using scales in research:

Buy Creating Surveys on

GOOGLE BOOKS

 

AMAZON

 


 

 

 

Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Buy Applied Statistics for Counselors

 

GOOGLE BOOKS

 

AMAZON

 

 


 

 

Resource Link- Find More Tests :  A – Z Test Index

 

NOTICE:

The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.

 

Post Author

Geoffrey S. Sutton is a retired psychologist with post-doctoral credentials in neuropsychology and psychopharmacology. He is also Professor Emeritus of Psychology where he taught research methods and statistics to undergraduate and graduate psychology students. His website is   www.suttong.com

  

His books are available at   AMAZON         GOOGLE STORE

 

Connections on

   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton  

  

   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton

 

   PINTEREST  www.pinterest.com/GeoffWSutton

 

Read published articles:

 

  Academia   Geoff W Sutton   

 

  ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 

 

 

 

 

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Personal Self-Concept Questionnaire (PSQ)

  The Personal Self-Concept Questionnaire  ( PSQ )   Overview The Personal Self-Concept Questionnaire (PSQ) measures self-concept based on ratings of 18 items, which are grouped into four categories: Self-fulfilment, autonomy, honesty, and emotional self-concept. Subscales : The PSQ has four subscales 1. Self-fulfilment (6 items) 2. Autonomy (4 items) 3. Honesty (3 items) 4. Emotional self-concept (5 items)  👉 [ Read more about Self-Concept and Self-Identity] The PSQ is a Likert-type scale with five response options ranging from totally disagree to totally agree. Reliability and Validity In the first study, coefficient alpha = .85 and in study two, alpha = .83. Data analysis supported a four-dimensional model (see the four categories above). Positive correlations with other self-concept measures were statistically significant. Other notes The authors estimated it took about 10 minutes to complete the PSQ. Their first study included people ages 12 to 36 ( n = 506). In the second s

Student Self-Efficacy

  Assessment name:  STUDENT SELF-EFFICACY SCALE * Note. This post has been updated to provide an available measure of student self-efficacy. ———- Scale overview:  The  student self-efficacy scale i s a 10-item measure of self-efficacy. It was developed using data from university nursing students in the United States. Authors: Melodie Rowbotham and Gerdamarie Schmitz Response Type:  A four-choice rating scale as follows: 1 = not at all true 2 = hardly true 3 = moderately true 4 = exactly true   Self-efficacy is the perception that a person can act in a way to achieve a desired goal.  Scale items There are 10 items. Examples: I am confident in my ability to learn, even if I am having a bad day. If I try hard enough, I can obtain the academic goals I desire.   Psychometric properties The authors reported that their sample scores ranged from 25 to 40 with a scale mean of 34.23 ( SD  = 3.80. Internal consistency was high at alpha = .84. The authors reported the results of a principal compon

Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Anxiety Questionnaire (MSEAQ)

  Scale name: Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Anxiety Questionnaire (MSEAQ) Scale overview: The Mathematics Self-Efficacy and Anxiety Questionnaire (MSEAQ) is a 29-item self-report measure of both mathematics self-efficacy and mathematics anxiety. Author: Diana Kathleen May Response Type: Items are rated on a 5-point Likert-type scale following a “no response” option: 1 = Never 2 = Seldom 3 = Sometimes 4 = Often 5 = usually Sample items 1. I feel confident enough to ask questions  in my mathematics class. 6. I worry that I will not be able to get a  good grade in my mathematics course.   Subscales and basic statistics for the MSEAQ       Self-Efficacy M = 44.11, SD = 10.78, alpha = .93       Anxiety M = 46.47, SD = 12.61, alpha = .93       Total Scale M = 90.58, SD = 22.78, alpha = .96 Reliability: See the Cronbach’s alpha levels reported above. Validity: There were significant positive correlations with similar measures. The results of a Fa