Assessment name: Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales-Q-Sort
Scale overview: The Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales-Q-Sort version (DMRS-Q) is a measure of defensemechanisms designed for clinical use. The measure assesses nonpsychotic defenses according to a seven level hierarchy of adaptiveness. Clinicians can enter data into an online resource which will score and report the results.
Authors: Di Giuseppe and Perry
Scale items: There are five items for each of 30 defense mechanisms for a total of 150 items. The items linked to the 30 defense mechanisms and levels are listed and described in Di Giuseppe, M., & Perry, J. C. (2021).
Interrater reliability values and criterion validity were reported in Di Giuseppe, M., & Perry, J. C. (2021).
See the DMRS-Q website at https://www.dmrs-q.com/. At the time of this writing, the web app was free to use. The web page includes a tutorial and additional information about the measures.
Reference for the scale
Di Giuseppe, M., & Perry, J. C. (2021). The Hierarchy of Defense Mechanisms: Assessing Defensive Functioning With the Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales Q-Sort. Frontiers in psychology, 12, 718440. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.718440
Di Giuseppe, M., Perry, J. C., Petraglia, J., Janzen, J., & Lingiardi, V.(2014). Development of a Q-Sort version of the Defense Mechanism Rating Scales (DMRS-Q) for clinical use. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 70(5), 452–465. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22089
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