Covariate. A variable that is correlated with a dependent variable in a research study. When a covariate is identified and measured, the value of the dependent variable can be adjusted for the contribution of the covariate during data analysis.

Example: If researchers collect information on the variable age in a study about forgiveness and if age is related to forgiveness, then age can be treated as a covariate to identify how people scored on a forgiveness survey after the scores have been adjusted for age.

The word adjusted is a key word to look for in reading research that includes a covariate.

Procedures that include covariates are ANCOVA and MANCOVA.

Cite this post.

Sutton, G. W. (2021, January 14). Covariate. Statistics.

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