Skip to main content


Injustice Gap Scale (IGS)

  Assessment name:     Injustice Gap Scale (IGS) Scale overview: The 4-item Injustice Gap Scale (IGS) was created to assess the gap experienced following an offense. The studies focused on the idea that the size of the justice gap is related to the difficulty in forgiving an offense.   Authors: Don Davis and others   Response Type: Items are rated on a visual scale of agreement between 0 = strongly disagree to 100 = strongly agree.   Scale items There are 4-items stating beliefs about God (or the Sacred) ensuring that justice will prevail.   Psychometric properties Factor analysis revealed support for a single factor. The factor loadings ranged from .74 to .91 and Cronbach’s alpha was .90. Correlations with other measures supported concurrent validity. Availability: The list of all 4 items is available in the PsycTESTS reference. The measure is available to use for noncommercial and educational purposes without seeking permission.   References for the s

Spiritual Struggles Interview Questions

  Assessment name:   Spiritual Struggles Interview Overview: The Spiritual Struggles Interview (SSI) is a structured interview, which includes a set of questions regarding a life problem that included a spiritual aspect.   Authors:   Maria Gear Haugen, and Kenneth Pargament   Response Type: A spoken response to a series of open-ended questions. Items The items are in the form of questions, which the authors describe as three types. A brief description follows. 1. With the divine- questions regarding how the person perceived God in the situation. 2. With others- questions related to relationships, forgiveness, and religious practices like prayer. 3. Within the person – questions about inner conflicts, doubts, and self-blame.   Availability: The full set of questions are available in the PsycTESTS reference below. The questions may be used for educational and research purposes.   Reference for the scale Haugen, M. R. G., & Pargament, K. I. (2012). S

Divine Spiritual Struggles Scale

  Assessment name:   Divine Spiritual Struggles Scale Scale overview: The Divine Spiritual Struggles Scale measures the degree of distress experienced by adolescents in their relationship with God or a higher power. Scale data were obtained from a sample of adolescents who reported sexual abuse.   Authors: Ernest Jouriles and others (see scale reference)     Response Type: Four items are rated on a 4-point scale of frequency related to feeling “punished, abandoned, and questioned God’s love” when they thought about sexual abuse in the preceding month. 0 = not at all 1 = somewhat 2 = quite a bit 3 = a great deal Scale items The four items in the scale can be found in the PsycTESTS reference below. Psychometric properties The scale was used in two studies (see Jouriles et al., 2020) with a combined n of 347 adolescents who had a mean age of 13.53 and 13.71, respectively. More than 90% were girls. Most of the girls identified as Christian. Reliability and

Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales-Q-Sort

  Assessment name:   Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales-Q-Sort Scale overview: The Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales-Q-Sort version (DMRS-Q) is a measure of defensemechanisms designed for clinical use. The measure assesses nonpsychotic defenses according to a seven level hierarchy of adaptiveness. Clinicians can enter data into an online resource which will score and report the results.   Read more about defense mechanisms in psychology. Authors: Di Giuseppe and Perry Scale items: There are five items for each of 30 defense mechanisms for a total of 150 items. The items linked to the 30 defense mechanisms and levels are listed and described in Di Giuseppe, M., & Perry, J. C. (2021).   Psychometric data: Interrater reliability values and criterion validity were reported in Di Giuseppe, M., & Perry, J. C. (2021).   Availability: See the DMRS-Q website at . At the time of this writing, the web app was free to use. The web page includes

Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales-Self-Report-30 (DMRS-SR-30)

  Assessment name:   Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales-Self-Report-30 (DMRS-SR-30) Scale overview: The Defense Mechanisms Rating Scales-Self-Report-30 (DMRS-SR-30) is a 30-item self-administered measure of psychological defense mechanisms that assesses overall defensive functioning. The 30-items were developed based on the Q-Sort version known as the DMRS-Q (Di Giuseppe et al., 2014).  Read more about defense mechanisms in psychology. Authors: Tracy A. Prout, Mariagrazia Di Giuseppe, Sigal Zilcha-Mano, J. Christopher Perry & Ciro Conversano   Response Type: Items are rated on a scale of frequency as follows: 0 = Not at all 1 = Rarely/slightly 2 = Sometimes/somewhat 3 = Often/ a lot 4 = Very often/ much   Scale items There are 30 items related to defense mechanisms. The items represent defense mechanisms and are organized into categories based on three factors. Factor 1. Mature Defenses in the High-Adaptive level Affiliation Altruism Anticipa