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Religious Head: Heart Beliefs Scale by Park & Carney


brain-heart by Geoffrey Sutton & Bing AI 2023

Assessment name:  Religious Head: Heart Beliefs Scale

Scale overview: The Religious Head: Heart Beliefs Scale is a 26-item self-report measure of religious beliefs.

The concepts of head and heart were explained in the authors’ literature review. Briefly, head beliefs refer to propositions and mental representations of reality in memory. Heart beliefs refer to implicit and intuitive knowledge, which includes affect. See Park and Carney (2022).

Authors: Crystal Park and Carney 2022

Response Type: Items are rated on a scale using a 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree) format with a “cannot say” option.

Subscales and Examples of Scale items

The 26 items are assigned to subscales. The full scale is in the PsycTESTS reference.

Supernatural beliefs

  There exists an all-powerful, all-knowing, loving God

Two Views of God Subscales

   Positive views of God


   Negative views of God


Three Perceptions of God’s Actions Subscales


            God comforts me


            God punishes


            God leaves people to their own devices


Psychometric properties

Cronbach alpha values were reported for the subscales and ranged from .77 to .95 in a study of 512 adults.

Construct validity was supported by results of factor analyses.

Concurrent validity was supported by correlations with several measures in a study of adults.

Availability: See Park and Carney (2022)

A related resource

Assessing Spirituality & Religiosity A Handbook

Beliefs, Practices, Values, & Experiences


Paperback on AMAZON


Hardcover on AMAZON

eBook on Google

Reference for the scale

 Park, C. L., & Carney, L. M. (2022). Religious head versus heart beliefs: Measurement development and validation. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 14(4), 572–584.

Park, C. L., & Carney, L. M. (2021). Religious Head: Heart Beliefs Scale [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. doi:

Reference for using scales in research:

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Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

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Test Resource LinkA – Z Test Index




The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.


Post Author


Geoffrey W. Sutton PhD is Emeritus Professor of Psychology who publishes book and articles about clinical and social psychology including the psychology of religion. Website:


Books available on   AMAZON       and the   GOOGLE STORE



   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton  


   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton




Read many published articles and book samples on:


  Academia   Geoff W Sutton   


  ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 




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