Christian Spiritual Surrender Scale (CSSS)


Assessment name:  Christian Spiritual Surrender Scale (CSSS)

Scale overview: The Christian Spiritual Surrender Scale (CSSS) is a 10-item self-report measure of spiritual surrender as a method of coping with adversity.

Authors: Laura Shannonhouse and others

Response Type: A rating scale using a five-point scale of agreement where 0 = strongly disagree to 4 = strongly agree

Sample Scale items

I actively chose to turn my suffering over to God because I knew God loved me.

2. I turned my troubles over to God while I actively tried to live out God’s plan.


Psychometric properties

Cronbach’s alpha value was strong at .93.

Content validity was supported by expert judgment.

Construct validity was supported by factor analysis indicating one factor.

The authors also reported correlations with other measures supporting convergent and divergent validity.



Author contact listed:

The full set of 10 items is in the 2023 PsycTESTS reference below.

Reference for the scale

Shannonhouse, L., McMartin, J., Sacco, S. J., Lewis Hall, M. E., Park, C. L., Kim, D., Silverman, E., Kapic, K., & Aten, J. (2023). Christian Spiritual Surrender Scale. PsycTESTS.

Shannonhouse, Laura, McMartin, Jason, Sacco, Shane J., Hall, M. Elizabeth Lewis, Park, Crystal L., Kim, Dahee, Silverman, Eric, Kapic, Kelly, & Aten, Jamie. (Jan 12, 2023). Spiritual surrender: Measurement of an emic Christian religious coping strategy. Spirituality in Clinical Practice, np. doi:


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Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index




The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.


Post Author


Geoffrey W. Sutton PhD is Emeritus Professor of Psychology who publishes book and articles about clinical and social psychology including the psychology of religion. Website:


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