Tuesday, May 16, 2023

Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS)


Assessment name:  Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS)

Scale overview: The Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) assesses the frequency of mindful states.

Authors: Kirk Brown and Richard Ryan

Response Type: A 6—choice rating scale of frequency.

1 = Almost Always, 2 = Very Frequently, 3 = Somewhat Frequently, 4 = Somewhat Infrequently, 5 = Very Infrequently, 6 = Almost Never

Scale items- examples

I could be experiencing some emotion and not be conscious of it until some time later.

I tend not to notice feelings of physical tension or discomfort until they really grab my attention.


Psychometric properties

Brown and Ryan (2003) reported details for the measure in their article.

For each item, the authors reported the mean, SD, factor loading and interitem correlation. Student sample Alpha = .82. Adult sample alpha = .87.

In an independent  student sample, test-retest stability over 4-weeks = .81. There were no significant differences in scores between the two times.

Concurrent validity data are available in Table 3, which includes the results of correlations with several measures and offers initial support for the validity of the MAAS.

In addition to the first set of studies noted above, the authors report the results of additional studies.


The full list of 15 items can be found in the article (Brown & Ryan, 2003) referenced below.

Weblink to a pdf version of the MAAS.

Reference for the scale

Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology84(4), 822–848. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.84.4.822


Reference for using scales in research:

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Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

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Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index



The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.

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Post Author


Geoffrey W. Sutton PhD is Emeritus Professor of Psychology who publishes book and articles about clinical and social psychology including the psychology of religion. Website:     www.suttong.com


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