Assessment name: New Indices of Religious Orientation (NIRO)
Scale overview: The New Indices of Religious Orientation (NIRO) is a self-report rating scale of intrinsic, extrinsic, and quest religious orientations developed for use with adults.
Authors: L. J. Francis, 2007
Response Type: The items are rated on a five-point scale of agreement (agree strongly, agree , not certain , disagree, and disagree strongly).
Scale items: There are a 27-item and an 18-item formats.
There are three orientations in the NIRO and each has subdomains.
1. Extrinsic orientation
2. Intrinsic Orientation
3. Quest Orientation
Openness to Change
The internal consistency values were good, and the three subscales were supported by factor analysis. Both the long and short form items are available in the Francis (2007b) reference.
Availability: See Francis (2007b). The list of items is in the PsycTESTS reference for both the long form and the short form.
Cite this post
Sutton, G.W. (2023, April 6). New Indices of Religious Orientation (NIRO). Assessment, Statistics, and Research. Retrieved from https://statistics.suttong.com/2023/04/new-indices-of-religious-orientation.html
- The NIRO was revised (NIROR) for use with younger people aged 12 to 19 (Francis et al., 2016). See Francis et al. (2016) for the subscales and items in Table 1. The psychometric properties of the NIROR were satisfactory.
- Both the NIRO and the NIROR measure aspects of spiritual identity, which are part of Self Identity in the SCOPES model of human functioning.
Reference for using scales in research
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Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment
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Link for more tests: A – Z Test Index
Link to more measures of Religion and Spirituality
References for the NIRO, NIROR
Francis, L. J. (2007a). Introducing the New Indices of Religious Orientation (NIRO): Conceptualization and measurement. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 10(6), 585-602. doi: 10.1080/13674670601035510
Francis, L. J. (2007b). New Indices of Religious Orientation [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t70858-000
Francis, L., Fawcett, B., Robbins, M., & Stairs, D. (2016). The New Indices of Religious Orientation Revised (NIROR): A study among Canadian adolescents attending a Baptist Youth Mission and Service Event. Religions, 7(5), 56. MDPI AG. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/rel7050056
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