Thursday, April 6, 2023

New Indices of Religious Orientation (NIRO)


Assessment name:  New Indices of Religious Orientation (NIRO)

Scale overview: The New Indices of Religious Orientation (NIRO) is a self-report rating scale of intrinsic, extrinsic, and quest religious orientations developed for use with adults.

Authors: L. J. Francis, 2007

Response Type: The items are rated on a five-point scale of agreement (agree strongly, agree , not certain , disagree, and disagree strongly).

Scale items: There are a 27-item and an 18-item formats.

There are three orientations in the NIRO and each has subdomains.

  1. Extrinsic orientation


    Social Support

    Personal Support

  2. Intrinsic Orientation


    Public Religion

    Personal Religion

  3. Quest Orientation



    Openness to Change

Psychometric properties

The internal consistency values were good, and the three subscales were supported by factor analysis. Both the long and short form items are available in the Francis (2007b) reference.

Availability: See Francis (2007b). The list of items is in the PsycTESTS reference for both the long form and the short form.


Cite this post

Sutton, G.W. (2023, April 6). New Indices of Religious Orientation (NIRO). Assessment, Statistics, and Research. Retrieved from

  • The NIRO was revised (NIROR) for use with younger people aged 12 to 19 (Francis et al., 2016). See Francis et al. (2016) for the subscales and items in Table 1. The psychometric properties of the NIROR were satisfactory.
  • Both the NIRO and the NIROR measure aspects of spiritual identity, which are part of Self Identity in the SCOPES model of human functioning.


Reference for using scales in research

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Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

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More Resources

Link for more tests:  A – Z Test Index

Link to more measures of Religion and Spirituality

References for the NIRO, NIROR

Francis, L. J. (2007a). Introducing the New Indices of Religious Orientation (NIRO): Conceptualization and measurement. Mental Health, Religion & Culture10(6), 585-602. doi: 10.1080/13674670601035510

Francis, L. J. (2007b). New Indices of Religious Orientation [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. doi:

Francis, L., Fawcett, B., Robbins, M., & Stairs, D. (2016). The New Indices of Religious Orientation Revised (NIROR): A study among Canadian adolescents attending a Baptist Youth Mission and Service Event. Religions, 7(5), 56. MDPI AG. Retrieved from



The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.


Post Author


Geoffrey W. Sutton PhD is Emeritus Professor of Psychology who publishes book and articles about clinical and social psychology including the psychology of religion. Website:


Books available on   AMAZON       and the   GOOGLE STORE



   FACEBOOK   Geoff W. Sutton  


   TWITTER  @Geoff.W.Sutton




Read many published articles and book samples on:


  Academia   Geoff W Sutton   


  ResearchGate   Geoffrey W Sutton 





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