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Citing and Referencing ChatGPT-APA style

 


Citing and Referencing ChatGPT

in APA Style

I have used ChatGPT recently to explore psychological concepts. The quality of responses varies. I have also asked for APA style references. The format was fine, but I was unable to verify some of the references, which caused me some concern about the accuracy of the generated text.

I looked at the APA guidelines for referencing ChatGPT (McAdoo, 2023). One concern I have about the APA guideline is the sharing of authorship. That is, although ChatGPT generated the response, the response involved my collaboration in formulating a precise prompt. The better the prompt, the better the response as if two humans were writing a paper together.

 

When I entered the prompt “How do psychologists define forgiveness?” ChatGPT provided the response below.

Psychologists define forgiveness as a conscious and deliberate decision to release feelings of resentment or vengeance towards a person or group who has harmed you, despite the fact that they may not deserve it. Forgiveness does not necessarily mean forgetting or condoning the actions of the person who caused harm, nor does it imply reconciliation or re-establishment of trust. Rather, forgiveness involves a process of letting go of negative emotions, such as anger, bitterness, and hostility, and replacing them with positive emotions, such as empathy, compassion, and understanding. (OpenAI, 2023)

Reference

OpenAI. (2023). ChatGPT (April 12 version) [Large language model]. https://chat.openai.com/chat

 

APA recommended placing the full ChatGPT in an appendix because the information is not available to the reader and the text can change in response to a future prompt. In the quote above, I omitted the opinion in the final sentence, which was not directly related to my quest for a definition. In a paper, I would provide the complete text in an Appendix.

 

Appendix A

Psychologists define forgiveness as a conscious and deliberate decision to release feelings of resentment or vengeance towards a person or group who has harmed you, despite the fact that they may not deserve it. Forgiveness does not necessarily mean forgetting or condoning the actions of the person who caused harm, nor does it imply reconciliation or re-establishment of trust. Rather, forgiveness involves a process of letting go of negative emotions, such as anger, bitterness, and hostility, and replacing them with positive emotions, such as empathy, compassion, and understanding. This process can be beneficial for both the person who forgives and the person who is forgiven, as it can lead to emotional healing, improved mental health, and better relationships. (OpenAI, 2023).

Reference

McAdoo, T. (2023, April7). How to cite ChatGPT. APA style. Retrieved from How to cite ChatGPT (apa.org)


How to cite this post.

Sutton, G. W. (2023, April 12). Citing and referencing ChatGPT-APA style. Assessment, Statistics, and Research. Retrieved from https://statistics.suttong.com/2023/04/citing-and-referencing-chatgpt-apa-style.html


I am open to corrections and suggestions.



Post Author

 

Geoffrey W. Sutton PhD is Emeritus Professor of Psychology who publishes book and articles about clinical and social psychology including the psychology of religion. Website:     www.suttong.com

  

Books available on   AMAZON       and the   GOOGLE STORE

 

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Read many published articles and book samples on:

 

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