Tuesday, January 24, 2023

Forgiveness Reconciliation Inventory


Assessment name:  Forgiveness Reconciliation Inventory

Scale overview: The Forgiveness Reconciliation Inventory is a 24-item assessment of forgiveness and reconciliation.


Author: Richard S. Balkin


Response Type: FRI items are presented along with a pair of words with five boxes in between the two words. Participants check the box to indicate how closely a word matches their feelings.

Scale items

In the Forgiveness Reconciliation Inventory study by Balkin et al. (2014), the authors presented evidence for 24-items organized into four subscales of six items each. The four subscales are: Collaborative Exploration, Role of Reconciliation, Remorse/Change, Interpersonal/Intrapersonal. Scores for each subscale range from 6 to 30 and can be plotted on a profile as illustrated in the article.

Psychometric properties

The authors presented means and standard deviations as well as Cronbach alpha values ranging from 0.88 to 0.93 for the four subscales. Factor analysis supported the structure of the FRI. Validity data revealed a significant inverse relationship between each of the four subscales of the FRI and the two subscales of the Forgiveness Scale (AN, PP).


Author contact:

Richard S. Balkin, Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi, Counseling and Educational Psychology Department, College of Education, ECDC 232, 6300 Ocean Drive, Unit 5834, Corpus Christi, TX 78412-5834, USA. Email: richard.balkin@tamucc.edu

Permissions information for the article: https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/journals-permissions



Balkin, R. S., Harris, N. A., Freeman, S. J., & Huntington, S. (2014). The Forgiveness Reconciliation Inventory: An Instrument to Process Through Issues of Forgiveness and Conflict. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development47(1), 3–13. https://doi.org/10.1177/0748175613497037


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Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index




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Post Author


Geoffrey W. Sutton PhD is Emeritus Professor of Psychology who publishes book and articles about clinical and social psychology including the psychology of religion. Website:     www.suttong.com


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