name: Behavioral, Emotional, and Social Skills Inventory (BESSI)
overview: The Behavioral,
Emotional, and Social Skills Inventory (BESSI) helps identify five groups of
skills associated with health, happiness and success.
Type: Items are
rated on a scale of agreement from
As of the
date of this writing, the researchers identified five skill categories also
called domains. There are 32 skills called facets linked to domains.
1. Self-management skills, used to pursue goals and complete tasks
2. Social engagement skills, used to actively communicate with other people
3. Cooperation skills, used to make and keep positive social relationships
4. Emotional resilience skills, used to regulate emotions and moods
5. Innovation skills, used to learn from new ideas and experiences
also compound skills that combine skills from multiple domains.
There are several
versions of the BESSI, which yield various degrees of specificity.
BESSI-20 quickly assess skills at the domain level as does a slightly longer
forms provide more details. The 192 item version includes the full 32 skill facets.
See Soto et
al. (2022) for an extensive presentation of the psychometric properties of the
BESSI within different samples. The researchers present the results of factor
analyses and correlations of the domains and facets with the Big Five
Personality Traits. High levels of alpha values are also reported. Overall,
alpha values ranged from .80 to .94 as reported in Study 4.
may be taken online at this link: http://www.sebskills.com/the-bessi.html
was written in American English. There is a German version with other
is free for non-commercial purposes as follows:
is freely available for non-commercial purposes, such as scientific research,
program evaluation, and personal use. You do not need to ask permission for
these uses. However, permission is required for any commercial use of the
BESSI. If you are interested in obtaining permission to use the BESSI for a
commercial purpose, then please contact Dr. Christopher Soto.
for the scale
J., Napolitano, C. M., & Roberts, B. W. (2021). Taking skills seriously:
Toward an integrative model and agenda for social, emotional, and behavioral
skills. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 30, 26-33.
C. M., Sewell, M. N., Yoon, H. J., Soto, C. J., & Roberts, B. W. (2021).
Social, emotional, and behavioral skills: An integrative model of the skills
associated with success during adolescence and across the life span. Frontiers
in Education, 6, 679561.
and wholistic assessment
within the BESSI domains relate to the domains of human functioning common to
psychological research and practice. For example, by referring to the colorful
BESSI chart, you can see by the domain names and sample skills how they fit
with five domains of the SCOPES model of human functioning if we omit the
COGNITION, OBSERVABLE BEHAVIOR, EMOTION, SOCIAL
for using scales in research:
Buy Creating Surveys on
for clinicians on understanding assessment
Buy Applied Statistics for Counselors
Resource Link: A – Z Test Index
information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and
researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors,
materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by
contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the
Links to Connections
Checkout My Website www.suttong.com
See my Books
FOLLOW me on
FACEBOOK Geoff W. Sutton
Read published articles:
ResearchGate Geoffrey W Sutton