Self-Censorship Orientation (SCO)


Scale name: Self-Censorship Orientation (SCO)

Scale overview: The Self-Censorship Orientation (SCO) is a 14-item scale designed to measure self-censorship, which the authors define as “intentionally and voluntarily withholding information from others in absence of formal obstacles.”

Authors: Keren Sharvit et al. See the 2018 reference for the list of authors.

Response Type: Items are rated on a scale of agreement from 1 = disagree to 4 = agree and 5 = undecided.

Subscales and items

  The authors identified two factors or subscales.

1. Self-censorship

The first dimension, labeled “self-censorship”, reflects the tendency to conceal information that is seen as threatening.” (p. 347)

Example: 1 If I would encounter problematic conduct among my group members, I would feel responsible to bring that information to light.

2. Disclosure

The second dimension, labeled “disclosure”, reflects the tendency to disseminate critical information.”

Example: 9. People who disclose credible information to external sources, which exposes my group to criticism, should be condemned.



Values from stage 2:

Self-censorship: Alpha = .84, Rtt =.61

Disclosure: Alpha = .90, Rtt =.56


Validity: The authors reported exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. 

They also report correlations with other measures (see Table 4) used in studies described in the 2018 article. Read more about test validity.



The items are included in the Sharvit et al. (2018) article listed below.



The author contact in the article is:


Reference for the scale

Sharvit, K., Bar-Tal, D., Hameiri, B., Zafran, A., Shahar, E., & Raviv, A. (2018). Self-Censorship Orientation: Scale development, correlates and outcomes. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, 6(2), 331–363.

Related reference

Hayes, A. F., Glynn, C. J., & Shanahan, J. (2005a). Willingness to self-censor: A construct and measurement tool for public opinion research. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 17, 298-323. doi:10.1093/ijpor/edh073



This scale focuses on self-censorship of information in contrast to the Willingness to self-censor (WTSC) measure, which focused on opinions (Hayes et al. 2005).

Reference for using scales in research:

Creating Surveys on     





 Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Applied Statistics Concepts for Counselors 





Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index



The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.


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