Attitudes to Disability Scale (ADS)


Scale name: Attitudes to Disability Scale (ADS)

Scale overview: The Attitudes to Disability Scale (ADS) is a 16-item rating scale designed to measure attitudes toward disability. The ADS was translated into multiple languages.

 Response Type: Items are rated on a 5-point Likert scale of agreement.


Scale items = 16

     Scale subscales = 4

Using factor analysis, the authors identified four factors in the 16-item Attitudes to Disability Scale: Inclusion, Discrimination, Gains, and Prospects.


People with a disability find it harder than others to make new friends


People often make fun of disabilities


Having a disability can make someone a stronger person


People with a disability have less to look forward to than


 Reliability: The authors reported ADS Cronbach’s alpha values of.795 and .764 in two samples.

Validity: The authors examined the structure of the scale using Confirmatory Factor Analysis. They also reported the results of IRT analyses.



At the time of this post, I found two links to the article in addition to the journal reference.

Tilburg University Link

Another Link address

Reference for the ADS scale

Power, M. J., Green, A. M., van Heck, G. L., de Vries, J., & den Oudsten, B. L. (2010). The Attitudes to Disability Scale (ADS): Development and psychometric properties. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 54(9), 860-874.

Reference for a study using the ADS

Zheng, Q., Tian, Q., Hao, C. et al. Comparison of attitudes toward disability and people with disability among caregivers, the public, and people with disability: findings from a cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health 16, 1024 (2016).


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Author Mick Power provided information about the scale on


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The information about scales and measures is provided for clinicians and researchers based on professional publications. The links to authors, materials, and references can change. You may be able to locate details by contacting the main author of the original article or another author on the article list.


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