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Christian Nationalism Scale


Scale name: Christian Nationalism Scale

Scale overview: The Christian Nationalism Scale consists of six-items commonly used to examine beliefs about the US government and Christianity.

 Response Type: Items are rated on a scale of agreement

1 = strongly agree

2 = agree

3 = disagree

4 = strongly disagree

5 = undecided.

Scale items

The federal government should declare the United States as a Christian nation.

The federal government should advocate Christian values.

The federal government should enforce strict separation of church and state. (reverse coded)

The federal government should allow the display of religious symbols in public spaces.

The success of the United States is part of God's plan.

The federal government should allow prayer in public schools.


Reliability: In a 2018 article, Whitehead et al. reported Cronbach’s alpha of 0.86 for the six items.

Validity: See the Factor Analysis reported by Whitehead et al. (2018) and a different analysis by Davis (2022). Several studies report predictive validity—see for example Davis (2022).


Availability: The items can be found in various sources. Such as Davis (2022). Davis traced the history of the items to Baylor Religion Survey (BRS), Wave II (2007). However, see the items on the 2005 BRS survey


Reference for the scale

Davis, N. T. (2022). The psychometric properties of the Christian nationalism scale. Politics and Religion.(unpublished draft version date 05/11/2022). Retrieved from

Whitehead, Andrew L., Perry, Samuel L. and Baker, Joseph O. 2018. “Make America Christian again: Christian nationalism and voting for Donald Trump in the 2016 presidential election.” Sociology of Religion, 79(2), pp.147-171.


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