Scale name: Measure of Atheist Discrimination Experiences
The 24-item Measure of Atheist Discrimination Experiences (MADE) was designed to evaluate the stress experiences of people who identify as atheists using a 6-point rating scale.
Authors: Brewster, M. E., Hammer, J., Sawyer, J. S., Eklund, A., & Palamar, J.
Response Type: 6-point Likert-type; 1 = never, 6 = almost all of the time
Subscales: There are five factors
Asked to Pass
Immoral - I have been told that, as an atheist, I cannot be a moral person.
Bringing Shame - I have been told that I am selfish because I am atheist.
Asked to Pass - I have been asked to go along with religious traditions to avoid “stirring up trouble.”
Overt Maltreatment - People have denied me services because of my atheism.
Social Ostracism - Because of my atheism, others have avoided me.
Reliability: The 2016 article includes Cronbach’s alphas of .94 and .95
Validity: The 2016 article contains findings of a factor analysis and convergent validity.
See the PsycTESTS reference below for a copy of the scale.
See also the article available in the journal reference and on ResearchGate
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Contact the correspondence author: Melanie E. Brewster firstname.lastname@example.org
Brewster, M. E., Hammer, J., Sawyer, J. S., Eklund, A., & Palamar, J. (2016). Measure of Atheist Discrimination Experiences [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t58211-000
Brewster, Melanie E., Hammer, Joseph, Sawyer, Jacob S., Eklund, Austin, & Palamar, Joseph. (2016). Perceived experiences of atheist discrimination: Instrument development and evaluation. Journal of Counseling Psychology, Vol 63(5), 557-570. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cou0000156
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