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Inventory of Complicated Spiritual Grief 2.0


Scale name:  Inventory of Complicated Spiritual Grief 2.0

Scale overview

The ICSG 2.0 is a 28-item scale. Participants are asked to think about their loss and respond to items to express their beliefs about their feelings.

The second version was published as ICSG 2.0 in 2019.

Authors: Laurie A. Burke and others (2014) - see reference below

For Version 2.0 See Burke et al., 2019 and Burke et al., 2021

Response Type

All items are rated on a 5-point Likert-type rating.

Subscales: The authors list items associated with three subscales:

1. Insecurity with God

2. Disruption in Religious Practice

3. Estrangement from Spiritual Community

Sample items 

 I’m confused as to why God would let this happen.
 People in my spiritual community don’t want me to express my grief much or at all.


Reliability and Validity

See the publications for details. Internal consistency is strong.

Experts and focus group participants provided evidence of content validity for this revised version. Convergent validity was supported by correlations with negative religious coping subscale of the Brief RCOPE and the Religious and Spiritual Struggles scale. Discriminant validity was supported by a significant inverse relationship with the positive religious coping subscale of the Brief RCOPE.


Version 1: See the Burke et al. 2014 PsycTESTS entry. The items are also in the Burke & Neimery 2016 article, Appendix

Version 2: See Burke et al. 2019

 SCOPES Domain = Self/ spirituality

Permissions -- if identified

Contact the publisher- Taylor and Francis


Burke, L. A., Crunk, A. E., Neimeyer, R. A., & Bai, H. (2021). Inventory of Complicated Spiritual Grief 2.0. PsycTESTS.

Burke, L. A., Crunk, A.E., Neimeyer, R. A. Bai, H. (2019): Inventory of Complicated Spiritual Grief 2.0 (ICSG 2.0): Validation of a revised measure of spiritual distress in bereavement, Death Studies, DOI: 10.1080/07481187.2019.1627031

Burke, L. A., Neimeyer, R. A., Holland, J. M., Dennard, S., Oliver, L., & Shear, M. K. (2014). Inventory of Complicated Spiritual Grief. PsycTESTS.

Burke, L. A., Neimeyer, R. A., Holland, J. M., Dennard, S., Oliver, L., & Shear, M. K. (2014). Inventory of complicated spiritual grief: Development and validation of a new measure. Death Studies, 38(4), 239-250. doi:, © 2014 by Taylor & Francis

Reference for using scales in research:

Creating Surveys on AMAZON or GOOGLE





Reference for clinicians on understanding assessment

Applied Statistics Concepts for Counselors on AMAZON or GOOGLE




Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index


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