Beliefs in a Just World Scale


 According to the just world hypothesis, “people have a need to believe that their environment is a just and orderly place where people usually get what they deserve (Lerner & Miller, 1978, p. 1030).”

Beliefs about a just world may be measured with the Global Belief in a Just World Scale (Lipkus, 1991).

The scale has 7-items, which participants rate on a 6-point basis: 1 = strong disagreement and 6 = strong disagreement about the applicability of an item to oneself.


According to PsycTESTS, contact the publisher and corresponding author.

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Sample items

1. I feel that people get what they are entitled to have.

7. I basically feel that the world is a fair place.



Lerner, M. J., & Miller, D. T. (1978). Just world research and the attribution process: Looking back and ahead. Psychological Bulletin85(5), 1030–1051.

Lipkus, Isaac. (1991). The construction and preliminary validation of a global belief in a just world scale and the exploratory analysis of the multidimensional belief in a just world scale. Personality and Individual Differences, 12(11), 1171-1178. doi:

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