Experiences in Close Relationships-Relational Structures


SCALE NAME:  Experiences in Close Relationships-Relational Structures (ECR-RS)

AUTHORS: Fraley and others 

The ECR-RS is a measure of adult attachment that includes four 9-item subscales for mother, father, romantic partner, and best friend attachment (Fraley et al., 2011a). Statements on the ECR-RS are rated on a 7-point scale (1 = strongly disagree; 7 = strongly agree).


Sample items from the ECR-RS


I find it easy to depend on this person.

I often worry that this person doesn't really care for me.


Reliability values


“In our research, the ECR-RS has proven to be quite useful. The test-retest reliability (over 30 days) of the individual scales are approximately .65 for the domain of romantic relationships (including individuals who experienced breakups during the 30-day period) and .80 in the parental domain.” (Chris-Fraley, n.d.)


Scale alpha values exceed .90 for each scale, according to Chris-Fraley.


Finding the ECR-RS Questionnaire,

Chris-Fraley has a copy of the scale with references and scoring information at the Illinois lab site. http://labs.psychology.illinois.edu/~rcfraley/measures/relstructures.htm

See also the 2011a reference below.


Additional Data


Chris-Fraley has provided additional references and an Excel sheet for scoring at this link: http://labs.psychology.illinois.edu/~rcfraley/measures/ecrr.htm


Learn more about writing items and creating surveys in

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Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index



Fraley, R. C., Heffernan, M. E., Vicary, A. M., & Brumbaugh, C. C. (2011a). Experiences in Close Relationships—Relationship Structures Questionnaire [Database record]. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. https://doi.org/10.1037/t08412-000

Fraley, R. C., Heffernan, M. E., Vicary, A. M., & Brumbaugh, C. C. (2011b). The Experiences in Close Relationships—Relationship Structures Questionnaire: A method for assessing attachment orientations across relationships. Psychological Assessment, 23, 615-625. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0022898