Sunday, August 9, 2020

Measuring Sexism Ambivalent Sexism Inventory the ASI Scale


The Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI) can be found in a publication by Peter Glick and Susan T. Fiske (1996).

The scale is not a general sexism inventory. Instead, the ASI measures sexist attitudes toward women using two subscales: Hostile Sexism and Benevolent Sexism. 

Hostile sexism is the familiar negative prejudice that overtly harms women. The analysis suggested a unitary construct marked by dominance or women.

     Example: Most women interpret innocent remarks or acts as being sexist.

women interpret innocent remarks or acts as being sexist

Benevolent sexism is also harmful but is not always recognized by men. Three components are Protective paternalism, Complementary Gender Differentiation, and Heterosexual Intimacy.

     Example: Women, compared to men, tend to have a superior moral sensibility.

The concept of ambivalent sexism stems from holding both sets of sexist attitudes. Men who are sexist

Men who are sexist in this dual sense do not appear to experience tension. For example, they may view women as incompetent for certain work yet feel women ought to be protected.

In their article, the authors examined the functioning of the scale items in six samples.

 Reliability values

Internal consistency values using alpha were reported for the six studies.

   ASI total score alphas ranged from .83 to .92

   Hostile Sexism ranged from .80 to .92

   Benevolent Sexism ranged from .73 to .85

Supportive validity data were provided comparing the ASI with other measures.

Sexism in women

The authors included men and women in their research and found that both men and women could hold sexist ambivalent views toward women.

Two Dimensional Model

The authors suggested the scale might be used in studies comparing high and low scorers on each dimension suggesting a 2 x 2 matrix.

Spanish version

The authors report a Spanish version is available from the authors.

Finding the Scale

The scale is on page 512 of the publication. The article can be downloaded from ResearchGate or other databases.


Cite this blog post

Sutton, G.W. (2020, August 09). Ambivalent sexism inventory: The ASI scale. Assessment, Statistics, & Research. https://statistics.suttong.com/2020/08/measuring-sexism-ambivalent-sexism.html

Resource Link:  A – Z Test Index

Journal Reference

Glick, P., & Fiske, S. T. (1996). The Ambivalent Sexism Inventory: Differentiating hostile and benevolent sexism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(3), 491–512. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.70.3.491

Link to research by authors Susan Fiske APA and Peter Glick APA

Learn more about surveys in Creating Surveys on AMAZON

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